Friday, April 21, 2017

23 April - Day in History of India and Importance

1774 - East India company forces defeated Rohilla's Army and captured Rohilkand.
1929 - Ranjit Film Co. was founded.
1992 - Satyajit Ray passed away.
1994 - Ibrahim Sulaiman Sait founded a new party Indian National League.


1858 - Pandita Ramabai
Pandita Ramabai Sarasvati (23 April 1858 – 5 April 1922) was an Indian social reformer, a champion for the emancipation of women, and a pioneer in education. She was accorded the titles of Pandita as a Sanskrit scholar and Sarasvati as a scholar after being examined by faculty of the University of Calcutta.

Pandita Ramabai participated in the freedom movement and was one of the 10 women delegates of the Congress session of 1889.

1913 - Dhananjay Keer, a biographer. He wrote biography of Savarkar and Ambedkar (I saw both of them).

Anant Vithal is known by his alias Dhananjay Keer (1913–1984). He wrote biographies of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, Jyotiba Phule, Rajrshi Shahu Maharaj and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Keer was born in Ratnagiri on April 23, 1913.

S. Janaki (Telugu Playback Singer),
Birthday 23 April 1938
(జ.ఏప్రిల్ 23,1938)

1504 - Guru Angad Dev
Guru Angad (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus

Updated 23 April 2017, 29 March 2015

Friday, April 14, 2017

April - Day in India History


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April - Important India History Event of the Day


17  - 1952 - India's First Lok Sabha was formed. 


Updated 16 April 2017, 8 April 2017

Thursday, April 13, 2017

15 April - Day in History of India and Importance

April - Day in India History - Schedule

Himachal Day

1469 - Birthday  of Gurunanak Dev. First Guru of Sikhs (Wikipedia entry)
           ( )

1658 - Raja Jaswant Singh was defeated by Aurangjeb.

1895 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak started Shivaji Mahotsav at Raigad.

1948 - Himachal Pradesh was created

1994 - India signed GATT agreement,


Guru Nanak (1469)

Nanak was born on 15 April 1469 at Rāi Bhoi Kī Talvaṇḍī (present day Nankana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan) near Lahore. His parents were Kalyan Chand Das Bedi and Mata Tripta. His father was the local patwari (accountant) for crop revenue in the village of Talwandi. His parents were both Hindus and belonged to the merchant caste.

 In 1485 he took up the appointment of an official in charge of the stores of Daulat Khan Lodhi, the Muslim ruler of the area at Sultanpur. There  he came into contact with Mardana, a Muslim minstrel (Mirasi) who was senior in age.

By all accounts, 1496 was the year of his enlightenment when he started on his mission. His first statement after his prophetic communion with God was "There is no Hindu, nor any Mussalman."

He spent twenty five years of his life preaching from place to place. Many of his hymns were composed during this period.

Guru Arjan Dev (1563)

1919 - Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh

Arjan Singh was born on 15 April 1919, in Lyalpur.

1963 - Manoj Prabhakar

April - Day in India History - Schedule

Updated  15 April 2017, 9 April 2017

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

14 April - Day in History of India and Importance

Birthday of Dr. Ambedkar
Fire Brigade Day
Fire Services Day
Vishu - Assam New Year
Matrimony Day - Started by Bharat Matrimony.Com
Moirang Day (INA Celebrates)

1659 - Aurangzeb defeated his brother Dara Shuko

1944 - Col. Mallick of INA hoisted Indian Flag in Manipur.

1950 - Shri Ramana Maharshi passed away.
1962 - Bharata Ratna Mokshagundam Visvevaraya passed away.

1998 - Kushabhau Thakre declared elected as BJP President.


1891 -Birthday - Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in Telugu - భీంరావ్ అంబేడ్కర్

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in Hindi - Dr. भीमराव आंबेडकर

1941 - Julie Christie, actress Dr. Zhivago, born in Assam, India

Christie was born on 14 April 1940 at Singlijan Tea Estate, Chabua, Assam, British India, the elder child of Rosemary (1912–1982), a Welsh painter, and Francis "Frank" St. John Christie (1904–1963). Her father ran the tea plantation where she was raised. Frank and Rosemary Christie separated when Julie was a child. They went back to England and  she lived with a foster mother from the age of six.

Christie made her professional stage debut in 1957, and her first screen roles were on British television. Her big break came in the 1961 BBC serial A for Andromeda.

In 1962, Christie appeared in feature films with co-starring roles in a pair of comedies for Independent Artists: Crooks Anonymous and The Fast Lady. Her breakthrough role,  was as Liz, the friend and would-be lover of the eponymous character played by Tom Courtenay in Billy Liar (1963), which earned her a BAFTA Award nomination.

Life magazine hailed 1965 as "The Year of Julie Christie" when the young actress became known internationally for her role  in Darling, directed by Schlesinger and co-starring Dirk Bogarde and Laurence Harvey. She won numerous accolades for her performance, including the Academy Award for Best Actress.

1563 - Guru Arjan Dev

Guru Arjan (15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the fifth Sikh Guru. He compiled writings of earlier Gurus to create the Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Mata Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das.

Guru Arjan led Sikhism for a quarter of a century. He completed the construction of Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar, after the fourth Sikh Guru founded the town and built a pool. He installed Adi Granth, the first edition of the Sikh scripture, in the Harimandir Sahib.[4]

Guru Arjan  suggested that the Sikhs donate, if possible, one tenth of their income, goods or service to the Sikh organization (dasvand).  The dasvand financed the building of gurdwaras and langars.

Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606 CE. Shaheedi Divas of Guru Arjan is organized every year on 16 June, according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.

Updated   14 April 2017,  9 April 2017

Sunday, April 9, 2017

Raja Balwant Singh - Benares

Jayachandra, a Gahadavala Rajput, ruled the kingdom of Kashi. He had opposed the combined forces of Muizzuddin and Qutbuddin at Chandwar on the Yamuna in the district of Etawah. He could not stop the muslim attack.  Qutbuddin advanced up to Benares and plundered the city. He destroyed many temples and erected mosques on their foundations. The country was placed under Malik Husamuddin Ughulbak, to whom the local rajas and nobles, professed their allegiance.

Since this conquest, the kingdom of Benares had remained a part of the Turko-Afghan Empire, save the short period of the Sharqis of Jaunpore (1399-1479). Babar brought Benares within the Mughal sphere of influence. Akbar reconquered the territory and  and included the district of Benares within the vice royalty of Allahabad suba. It remained with Allahabad up to the reign of Aurangzeb who transferred it to the suba of Awadh.

Benares was considered very important in the Mughal period. Some of the princes of royal blood resided there as governors. Dara Shukoh, the eldest and the most favourite son of Shahjehan, lived
here for several years.

Rustam Ali Khan entrusted a Bhumihar Brahmin, called Mansa Ram, with the responsibility of
collecting revenue from these sarkars. As a mark of appreciation for Mansa Ram’s efficient performance as a revenue collector, Rustam Ali Khan solicited Emperor Muhammad Shah through
Murtaza Khan to confer upon him the title of Raja Bahadur. Mansa Ram prayed that his son is grated the honour. So, his eldest son, Balwant Singh, got the title. Thus Balwant  Singh became the Zamindar of  Jaunpore, Benares and Mirzapore on June 9, 1738.

The treaty of Allahabad was finally signed on the 16th August, 1765. The English restored to Shuja-ud-daula all his dominions with the exception of Chunar (which was retained by the English)
and the districts of Kora and Allahabad (which were given to Emperor Shah Alam II). Also, Benares was freed from the Nawab and came under the protection of East India Company.

Benares and the English East India Company, 1764 — 1795
Suprakash Sanyal, m.a. (Pato, ph.d. (Cai.)
Reader in History, Calcutta University, Calcutta



Kashi the city of lights Part Two

Kashi the city of lights Part Two

Saturday, April 8, 2017

May - Day in India History


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Friday, April 7, 2017

13 April - Day in History of India and Importance

1699 - 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Govindsingh started Khalsa tradition among Sikhs (on Baisakhi Day).

1919 - Jallianwala bagh massacre, wherein the entrance was blocked by an armoured vehicle and assembled people were fired upon took place in Amritsar, India. (I visited the place during my visit to Amritsar)

Picture Source:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi at Jallianwala Bagh, in Punjab on March 23, 2015. The Governor of Punjab, Shri Kaptan Singh Solanki and the Chief Minister of Punjab, Shri Parkash Singh Badal are also seen.

Picture Source:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi at Jallianwala Bagh, in Punjab on March 23, 2015. The Chief Minister of Punjab, Shri Parkash Singh Badal and the Minister of State for Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Vijay Sampla are also seen.

Picture Source:
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi at Jallianwala Bagh, in Punjab on March 23, 2015.

1947 - Diplomatic relations between Russia and India established.

1999 - D. Sripada Rao, former speaker of Andhra Pradesh Assembly shot dead by Naxalites.


1940 - Najma Heptulla

Date of Birth 13/04/1940
Birth Place Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)

Educational Qualifications M.Sc.(Zoology), Ph.D. (Cardiac Anatomy) Educated at Motilal Nehru Vigyan Mahavidyalaya
Profession Social Worker and doing research in scientific field
Positions Held July 1980 Elected to Rajya Sabha 1981 Member, Joint Committee on Marriage Law (Amendment) Bill, 1981 1982-84 Nominated to the Panel of Vice-Chairmen, Rajya Sabha Member, Committee on Petitions 1984 Member, Committee on Public Accounts General Secretary, Science Forum of Parliament Jan. 1985 - Jan. 1986 Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha and Nov. 1988 - 10 June 2004 1985 and 1989 - June 2004 Member, General Purposes Committee Member, Business Advisory Committee 1985 and 1989 - June 2004 and Member, Committee on Rules Nov. 2004 onwards July 1986 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (second term) 1986-87 General Secretary, All India Congress Committee(I) In-charge, youth activities and State of Jammu and Kashmir of A.I.C.C. In-charge, N.S.U.I., the student wing of the Congress Party 1986-87 and 1998 Spokesperson, All India Congress Committee Nov. 1988 - June 2004 Chairperson, Committee of Privileges, Rajya Sabha 1988 Elected Vice-President of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) July 1992 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (third term) March 1997 - June 2004 Chairperson, Committee on Provision of Computers to Members of Rajya Sabha 6 May 1997-26 April 1999 Chairperson, Committee on the Empowerment of Women July 1998 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (fourth term) Sept. 1998-99 Elected Vice-President of the Executive Committee of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (I.P.U.) Sept. 1998 - June 2004 Chairperson, Committee on Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) Oct. 1999 - Sept. 2002 President of the Council of the I.P.U., the first woman ever to be elected to this office in the 110-year history of the I.P.U. Sept. 2002 Honorary President, Council of the I.P.U. for life July 2004 Re-elected to Rajya Sabha (fifth term) Aug. 2004 onwards Member, Committee on Energy Oct. 2004 onwards Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Civil Aviation Jan. 2006 onwards Member, Joint Parliamentary Committee on Wakf Sept. 2006 onwards Chairperson, Committee on Subordinate Legislation Oct. 2006 onwards Member, General Purposes Committee Aug. 2007 onwards Member, Committee on Energy
Freedom Fighter No
Books Published Published several research papers in foreign and Indian journals. Contributed to many Indian and foreign magazines on issues relating to women and social development. Member of the Advisory Committee and Editorial Board of 'The Indian Journal of Zoology' and 'Journal of Anatomy'. Editor and Publisher of the quarterly magazine 'Dialogue Today' since 1986. Author of the books, (i) 'India's Progress in Science and Technology - Continuity and Change', 1985, (ii) 'Indo-West Asian Relations - The Nehru Era', 1992, (iii) 'Reforms for Women - Future Options', 1992, (iv) 'Environment Protection in Developing Countries', 1993, (v) 'Human Social Security and Sustainable Development', 1995 (vi) 'A.I.D.S. - Approaches to Prevention', 1996 and (vii) Democracy - The Global Perspective, 2004

Prof Ajoy Ghose (1934)

Prof. Ajoy Ghose is a renowned engineer in the field of mining.

Blasting in Mining - New Trends

Ajoy K. Ghose, Akhilesh Joshi
CRC Press, 05-Nov-2012 - Technology & Engineering - 150 pages

Blasting practices in mines have undergone many changes in the recent past and continue to be honed and reconfigured to meet the demands of today’s mining needs. This volume compiles papers of the workshop Blasting in Mines – New Trends, hosted by the Fragblast 10 Symposium . The 17 papers provide a mix which highlight the evolving trends in blasting in mines. These range from special techniques of cast blasting, applications of seed wave modelling for improved fragmentation, to design of mass blasts and controlled blasting for stability of pit-walls. Blasting in Mines – New Trends will be of particular interest to mining and blasting engineers.

Updated 9 April 2017, 29 March 2015