Tuesday, March 31, 2015

30 March - Day in History of India and Importance


World Idli Day



1699 - Guru Govind Singh established Khalsa Panth

1919 - Gandhi announced resistance against Rowlatt Act.

1929 - Postal service by Aeroplane between England and India started.

1949 - New Union of Greater Rajastan was inaugurated.

1988 - Tamilnadu won the Ranji Trophy

1992 - Satyajit Ray was awarded Oscar Award.

1997 - Congress Party withdrew support to Deve Gowda Government.

2015 - PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Merchant Navy Week at New Delhi
http://www.narendramodi.in/prime-minister-inaugurates-merchant-navy-week-2015/

Birthdays

1908 - Devika Rani

Sanjay Joshi - Pracharak - RSS

http://www.indianage.com/0330.html

31 March - Day in History of India and Importance


1867 - Prardhana Samaj was established by M.G. Ranade in Mumbai.

1913 - Foundation stone of Gateway of India.
Gate Way of India in 2015 - Hotel Taj Old Building, New Building and Gateway of India are in that order from Left to Right.
Picture Source: https://plus.google.com/+MintuMukherjee007/posts/SoWG7Vb6s8Y
(Posted in the blog after seeking permission.)

1942 - Japan successfully attacked Burma and Andamans
1959 - Dalai Lama fled to India.
1964 - Tramway service stopped in Bombay.
1972 - Meena Kumari passed away.
1982 - First Jaguar airplane fully designed in India took off.
1992 - New Five Year Export-Import Policy announced. A big change in Indian economic policy.
1999 - PIO card was launched.

Birthdays

1945 - Smt. Mira Kumar - 2009 Lok Sabha Member  - Speaker Lok Sabha
Rajiv Pratap Rudy

http://www.indianage.com/0331.html

Monday, March 30, 2015

2 June - Day in History of India and Importance


1756 - Fort William of English in Bengal was occupied by Siraj-ud-Daula

1908 - Shri Aurobindo was arrested.

1953 - Tensing Sherpa, an Indian along with E.P. Hillary of New Zealand climbed Mount Everest.

1975 - India first sponge iron plant was inaugurated in Vijayawada.

1988 - Raj Kapoor passed away.

2014 - Telangana became the 29th State in India

Birthdays

1947 Baidyanath Prasad Mahato - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
Nitish Bharadwaj

__________________

__________________

Sunday, March 29, 2015

4 May - Day in History of India and Importance


1336 - Vijaya Nagara Kingdom was established.
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.in/2013/05/vijayanagar-empire-foundation-and.html

1783 - Tipu Sultan became ruler of Mysore
1799 - Tipu Sultan was killed in a battle
1832 - Darpan, a weekly was started
1993 - Income Tax Limit was raised to Rs. 30,000.  Santosh Yadav conquered Mount Everest for the second time.


Birthdays


Tyagaraja,

Aarthi Agarwal,

Sam Pitroda,

Dasari Narayana Rao,

Trisha,

1921 - Mrinal Sen

http://www.indianage.com/0504.html

30 April - Day in History of India and Importance


1878 - Samadhi of Akkalkot Maharaj
1908 - Khudiram Bose
1936 - Gandhi started staying at Wardha


1977 - 9 congress ruled states placed under President's rule.
Janata Party formed
1999 - Jessica Lal was murdered.




Birthdays
1870 - Dadasaheb Phalke,
Documentary on Dada Saheb Phalke in Marathi language with English subtitles
________________________

________________________
Pocket Films - Short Films Channel


1896 - Maa Anandamayee
1909 - Sant Tukodji Maharaj



Sri Sri (Telugu revolutionary poet)

Rohit Sharma,


http://www.indianage.com/0430.html

30 May - Day in History of India and Importance




1826 - The First Hindi Newspaper "Udant Martand" started its publishing activity.
1867 - Dar-ul-ulum was started
1919 - Rabindranath protests Jalianwalabagh massacre and returns awards given by British Government.
1987 - Goa becomes 25th state of India


Birthdays
Jag Mohan Dalmiya
1955 - Dr. Rajan Sushant - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
V. Narayan Samy - Lok Sabha Member
Paresh Rawal,
Ness Wadia,

_________________

_________________

http://www.indianage.com/0530.html

29 April - Day in History of India and Importance




1639 - Delhi Red Fort construction was started by Shah Jehan
1947 - Abolition of untouchability


Birthdays
1848 - Raja Ravi Varma (painter)
1909 - Tukodji Maharaj
1936 - Zubin Mehta
Ajit Jogi,
Ramachandra Guha

http://www.indianage.com/0429.html

25 April - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthday
H.N. Bahuguna


1971 - Bangla Desh
1982 -  India's colour TV broadcasting started
1993 - Indian Airlines hijaker was shot dead by commandos.
1998 - Government announces new salary structure of UGC college teachers.
2000 - Supreme Court allows trial of Jaya Lalita in Tansi Land Deal Case.

http://www.indianage.com/0425.html


H.N. Bahuguna,

Arthur Peck

Birthdays and Biographies - Famous Indians
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2012/10/birthdays-famous-indians.html

24 April - Day in History of India and Importance

National Panchayat Raj Day

1311 - Malik Kafur returned to Delhi after Southern campaign

1858 - Kunwar Singh, a brave leader of Sepoy Mutiny in Bihar died due to wounds.



1959 - Nehru met Dalai Lama in Mussorie

1993 - The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act came into force.

1994 - S.L. Kirloskar passed away.

1998 - India won the Coca Cola cup at Sharjah.

Birthdays

1973 - Sachin Tendulkar

Raj Kumar (Kannada Actor),

Arun Nehru,

L. Ganeshan,

Mac Mohan



Death

1980 - Baba Gurbachan Singh, Nirankari Chief was assasinated.



http://www.indianage.com/0424.html

20 April - Day in History of India and Importance


1236 - Iltutmish died in Delhi

1712 - Jahandar Shah succeeds Aurangzeb?

1954 - Panchsheel agreement between China and India

1965 - First Indian teams reaches the Mount of Everest.

1971 - Air India started Jumbo Boeing 707

1989 - Launching of Agni failed.




1971 - India won the series against West Indies. Won the Rubber for the first time.




http://www.indianage.com/0420.html


Birthdays

N. Chandrababu Naidu (1950),

Mamta Kulkarni,

17 April - Day in History of India and Importance


April - Day in India History - Schedule

1675 - Sivaji attacked Fonda fort and won Karwar

1799 - Srirangapatnam was surrounded by British forces to fight against Tipu Sultan.

1952 - India's First Lok Sabha was formed.

1983 - Rohini (RS-D2) was placed in orbit.

1997 - Biju Patnaik died.

1999 - Vajpayee resigned after losing confidence of Lok Sabha by 269 in favour and 270 against.



Birthdays

1479 - Acharya Surdasji

1926 - Chandra Sekhar, PM of India

Sant Sri Asaramji Bapu

April - Day in India History - Schedule

19 April - Day in History of India and Importance



April - Day in India History - Schedule

1526 -  Babur's victory in India

1950 - Shyama Prasad Mukherjee resigned from Central cabinet.

1975 - Aryabhata - First Indian Satellite launched
http://zeenews.india.com/chandrayaan/story.aspx?aid=477065

1993 - Sanjay Dutt was arrested under TADA for having AK-56 Rifle.

1995 - Rajindersingh Sparo, first awardee of Mahavir Chakra, passed away (CM of Punjab?)

1997 - I.K. Gujral elected as leader of United Front in place of Deve Gowda,

2012 - Agni V successfully test launched

http://www.indianage.com/0419.html


Birthdays

Mukesh Ambani (1957)

April - Day in India History - Schedule

16 April - Day in History of India and Importance



April - Day in India History - Schedule

Railways Day

1853 - First train journey in India - First train run between  Mumbai to Thane
(2013 Google showed a doodle showing a train running to commemorate the day that happened 160 years ago) ( http://ibnlive.in.com/news/google-doodles-160-years-of-indias-first-passenger-train-journey/385607-11.html  ) ( http://ibnlive.in.com/news/indias-first-passenger-train-journey-google-doodle-and-some-facts/385641-11.html  )

The Times of India carried the news item on 18 April 1853 "On Saturday last, the 16th instant, the railway between Bombay and Tanna was opened wtih all due pomp and ceremony."

1903 - Kalka - Simla Railway line opened for public.

1959 - Rourkela Steel plant's first furnace started functioning.

1962 Third Lok Sabha was constituted after third general election. Congress party won the majority and  Jawaharlal Nehru became the prime minister.



Birthdays

1848 - Kandukuri Veeresalingam
1918 - Lalita Pawar

Jai Prakash (MP, UP),

Laura Dutta,

Swati Tirunal Rama Varma (1813)


April - Day in India History - Schedule


http://www.indianage.com/0416.html

28 April - Day in History of India and Importance


1740 - Thorle Bajirao Peshwa passed away. Balaji Bajirao became the new peshwa.

1916 - B.G. Tilak founded Indian Home Rule League
1943 - Netaji Subhash Bose boarded German Submarine
1993 - Military troops fight with 2000 rebel policemen in Srinagar.


Birthdays
Era Seziyan (DMK)

http://www.indianage.com/0428.html

22 April - Day in History of India and Importance





1921 - Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from Civil Service?
1930 - Documentaries on Dandi Satyagraha and Bombay Civil Disobedience banned by British India Governement.
1930 - Revolutionary Surjya Sen went underground.
1991 - IMF and World Bank decide to grant $1 billion loan to India.
1994 - Sushil, Jain Muni passed away.
1996 - NSE 50 index launched.




Birthdays


B.R. Chopra

1959 Smt. Daggupati Purandareswari -   2009 Lok Sabha Member

Chetan Bhagat

http://www.indianage.com/0422.html

26 April - Day in History of India and Importance

Birthdays
Moushumi Chatterjee - Film Heroine


1479 - Vallabhacharya was born

1920 - Srinivasa Ramanujam passed away.

1999 - President dissolves Lok Sabha and orders fresh elections.

2012 - RISAT-1, India's first indigenously built all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite was put in orbit by PSLV-C19 from Sriharikotal space station.


Birthdays

1762 - Syama Sastry - Musician

1813 - Swami Tirunal Rama Varma

Moushumi Chatterjee

http://www.indianage.com/0426.html

31 May - Day in History of India and Importance



1818 - Samachar Darpan, the first Bengali news paper, also the first in Indian languages started publishing.

1970 - PM Indira Gandhi appealed for international help to take care of East Bengal refugees.
1981 - SLV 3 places Rohini (RS-D1) in orbit.
1997 - Fourth National Games opened in Bangalore.
2011 - World No-Tobacco Day - Human Chain in Chennai
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/31-5-2011/online.html

2012 - Cabinet approved National Telecom Policy

2013 - India grew by 4.8% in the Jan-March 2013 quarter and by 5% in the entire 2012-13 F.Y. CSO announced today
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/at-a-meagre-5-per-cent-indias-gdp-growth-hits-decades-low/1/277683.html


Birthdays


Ahilya Bai Holkar
1928 Pankaj Roy (Cricketer)
Krishna (Telugu Film Hero), Member of Parliament


______________

______________

http://www.indianage.com/0531.html

21 April - Day in History of India and Importance



1451 - Buhlul Khan Lodi ascends throne of Delhi.
1526 - Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi - First Battle of Panipat.
1659 - Chatrapati Shivaji met Swami Samartha Ram Das.
1720 - Peshwa Balaji Viswanath passed away. Baji Rao I became Peshwa.
1955 - Avadi session of INC. Socialism adopted for India.
1990 - The first missile cruiser boat 'Vibhuti' built indigenously was inaugurated and launched.

1997 - Gujral took oath as P.M. of India



http://www.indianage.com/0421.html

S. Venkataraghavan (1945,Cricket)

Vijayanagara Empire - Some Historical Incidents Interpreted from Various Literary Works

The history of the empire of Vijayanagar,  was recovered through the efforts of  Mr. R. Sewell.
He brought out his work ' A Forgotten Empire ' of Vijayanagar early in 1900 based upon his previous knowledge of the antiquities  of the Madras Presidency, and of the information he derived from
two Portuguese chronicles which were unearthed in the archives of Lisbon, and which he translated and appended to his work.

Additional material is provided by authors of   "SOURCES OF VIJAYANAGAR HISTORY, "SELECTED AND EDITED FOR THE UNIVERSITY BY S. KRISHNASWAMI AYYANGAR, M.A., Professor of Indian History and Archaeology and Fellow of the University of Madras. and PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS. 1919.
 https://archive.org/stream/sourcesofvijayan00krisrich/sourcesofvijayan00krisrich_djvu.txt
based on various literary works available in Telugu, Sanskrit and other local languages.


The following are some of the events and episodes reported in the above work, summarized by me.



I. KUMARA KAMPANA'S CONQUESTS.

The  extracts from the work * Kamparayacharitam ' or ' Madhura Vijayam '  by Gangadevi, wife of  Kampana, throws the much needed light. Various other works confirm what is said in this  poem. The Telugu Jaimini Bharatam, the Sanskrit works Saluva-abhyudayam and Rama-abhyudayam and the Vaishnava works on  hagiology, the Prapannamrtam and Acharya Suktimuktavali support the contents of the poem. Kumara Kampana, son of Bukka Raya, one of the five brothers who founded Vijayanagar, proceeded  from his viceregal headquarters at Mulbagal into the Tonda-mandalam country, then under the rule of a dynasty of Sambuva Rayans and conquered territory. In this good work he was assisted by the Brahman general Gopana and Saluva Mangu, the most distinguished of a body of distinguished generals. They swept the country clear of  the Mussalman garrisons throughout the localities, killed the  Muhammadan governor at Madura, and restored the temple of  Srirangam to its former condition. The idol of Ranganatha which has had a long journey to various localities for safety was ultimately restored to its own home by them.

II. MADHAVA VIDYARANYA.

A body of learned men with the two famous brothers, Madhavacharya and Sayanacharya at their head, were  at the instance of Bukka himself, set to work upon committing to writing various works and commentaries bearing upon the religion of the Vedas.  The date of death of Madhavacharya i s now ascertained to be A.D. 1387 on epigraphical evidence, and he himself said in his writings that
he lived 85 years. So the period of his life is established as  A.D. 1302 to  1387. He must have been a ripe scholar of great reputation at the beginning of the empire of Vijayanagar.

There is confusion becayse another minister and general of Bukka, is also called Madhava and is sometimes  described as ' the establisher of the path of the Upanishads.' The two Madhavas were of different gOtras and sutras according to the extracts. One seems to have  been a Saiva, and the other an Advaitin. The designation  ' establisher of the path of the Upanishads ', as applied to the
second Madhava, seems deliberately intended to distinguish him from the other, who is described as the * establisher of the path of  the Vedas.' The former designation seems to be the result of an
effort to make rigid Saivism conform to the path of the Upanishads.


III. OVERSEA TRADE OF VIJAYANAGAR.

The end of the first dynasty of Vijayanagar was almost coeval with the coming of the Portuguese on the West Coast.  Srinatha, author of the Haravilasam  enjoyed the patronage of Deva Raya
II and Sarvagna Singama, has an interesting statement regarding another patron of his, Avachi Tippayya Setti of Nellore (Vikrama  Simhapura). This Setti had his own ships and traded overseas on his own account. He imported horses from Ormuz, elephants from Ceylon, camphor from
the Punjab, fine silks, from China, various other articles from other places. He enjoyed the
monopoly for the supply of the articles in demand at the courts of  Harihara II, PlrOz-shah Bhamani and Kumaragiri Reddi of Kondavldu. The arrangement for provision and protection of private
trade like this, detailed in Marco Polo and in the Motupalli inscription of the Kakatiya king Ganapati, seems to have continued intact during Vijayanagar empire also.

IV. VIJAYANAGAR EXPANSION TOWARDS THE  TELINGANA COAST.

The existence of a Vijayanagar governorship at Vinikonda, presently a railway station south-west of Guntur.  The translation of a kind of Sanskrit  drama called * Premabhiramam ' into Telugu under the name of  * Kridabhiramam ' was made by one Vallabha Raya who calls himself the Governor of Vinikonda. He gives a number of details about his ancestors who were all officers of distinction under the predecessors of Deva Raya II He described himself as the Governor of  Vinikonda and that he enjoyed the revenues of certain villages as salary of the office. This reference provides the first instance of a governorship in this particular area  under Vijayanagar.

It was under Sultan Firoz of the Bhamani kingdom that the effective conquest of the territories of
Warrangal was undertaken by the Bahmani Sultans. This expansion policy was continued by his two successors, Sultans Ahmad and Allau-d-din. But Allau-d-din's wars against his Muhammadan neighbours of Khandesh and Malwa and sometimes even of  Gujarat, almost undid the work of his predecessors in the east. When he felt himself once again  free to attack areas  in the east,  he called for the assistance of Orissa, under Kapilesvara Gajapati. This alliance  gave possession  of the  Telingana coast to the monarch of Orissa while the Bahmani Sultans themselves had to remain content with a part of Warrangal which was within the eastern frontier of the present Nizam's dominions. This advance of Orissa Kings  brought down  the influence of the Reddi chiefs who ruled the area independently for some time.

V. THE SUCCESSORS OF DEVA RAYA II AND THE  ADVANCE OF ORISSA TOWARDS THE SOUTH.

An interesting extract from a contemporary Sanskrit  drama called the ' Gangadasapratapavilasam ', gives a specific reference to a joint invasion of Vijayanagar by the Bahmani Sultan and the Gajapati king of Orissa. The death of the great monarch Deva Raya II was taken advantage of by these two rulers to carry their expansion southwards, Orissa along the Telingana coast and the  Bahmani Sultan over the rest of the frontier of Vijayanagar. The invasion was obviously beaten off as the extract says, and Mallikarjuna, the son of Deva Raya, succeeded to the throne.

But a claim is made in behalf of the Gajapatis of a successful advance by them as far as Kanchi, in a dramatic romance called ' Kanji-Kaveri-Pothi.'  It is this successful intrusion on the part of Orissa that gave the occasion for Saluva Narasimha to build up his following  and ultimately to occupy the imperial throne displacing the ruler of the earlier dynasty.

Saturday, March 28, 2015

Thanjavur Under Marathas







Thanjavur Before the Attack by Venkoji


Following the demise of Chola rule in the 13th century, the Thanjavur area  came under the rule of the Pandyas of Madurai. Following the invasion of Madurai by Malik Kafur, the Tanjore also became a part ruled by  the Delhi Sultanate. After half a century,  Pandya chieftains reasserted their independence. Soon afterwards, they were conquered by the Vijayanagar Empire and Thanjavur became part of the Empire. The supremacy of Vijayanagar was challenged by the Nayaks of Madurai (who were also part of Vijayanagara empire only for a long time). Madurai Nayaks eventually conquered Thanjavur in 1646. The rule of the Thanjavur Nayaks lasted until 1673. In 1973, Chokkanatha Nayak the ruler of Madurai invaded Thanjavur and killed the ruler Vijayaraghava (a fight among people belonging to the same origins).

Chokkanatha placed his brother Alagiri on the throne of Thanjavur, but within a year, Alagiri declared himself independent.  Chokkanatha recognised the independence of Thanjavur.

Attack by Venkoji

A son of Vijaya Raghava approached  the Bijapur Sultan and asked him to help him get back the Thanjavur throne. In 1675, the Sultan of Bijapur sent a force commanded by the Maratha general Venkoji (half brother of Shivaji) to recapture the kingdom from the new invader. Venkoji defeated Alagiri, and occupied Thanjavur.  He declared himself as king of Thanjavur. Thus began the rule of the Marathas over Thanjavur. Venkoji  ruled till 1684. During his reign, his brother Shivaji invaded Gingee and Thanjavur in 1676–1677.  During the last years of his reign, Venkoji allied with Chokkanatha of Madurai and repulsed an invasion from Mysore..

Shahuji I
Shahuji I was the eldest son of Venkoji and became king at the age of twelve. Mughals attacked Tiruchirapalli and forced Shahuji I to pay tribute. Shahuji was known as a patron of literature. During his reign, he fought battles with the Raja of Madurai and Ramnad due to disputes for border lands.

Serfoji I
Serfoji I was a younger son of Venkoji and he ruled from 1712 to 1728. His rule also was marked by regular warfare and disputes with the Madurai Nayak.

Tukkoji
Tukkoji, a younger brother of Serfoji I ruled Thanjavur from 1728 to 1736. He defended the invasion of Chanda Sahib and repulsed a Muhammedan invasion.

Pratapsingh
A period of anarchy followed the death of Tukkoji which came to an end when Pratapsingh succeeded to the throne in 1739. He ruled up to 1763. He allied with Muhammad Ali, the Nawab of the Carnatic. He aided the British against the French. In 1762, a tripartite treaty was signed between Thanjavur, Carnatic and the British by which he became a vassal of the Nawab of the Carnatic.

Thuljaji
Thuljaji was the last independent ruler of Thanjavur. In 1773, Thanjavur was annexed by the Nawab of the Carnatic who ruled till 1776. The throne was restored to Thuliaji by the Directors of the British East India Company. But he lost his independence and came under control of Company administration.

Serfoji II
Thuljaji was succeeded by his teenage son Serfoji in 1787. Soon afterwards, he was deposed by his uncle and regent Amarsingh. But, Serfoji II recovered the throne in 1798 through his negotiations with the British, and he handed over the reins of the kingdom to the British East India Company, becoming part of the Tanjore District (Madras Presidency). The district collectorate system was installed to collect the revenues, do pubic works and manage judicial work. Serfoji II had the control of the Fort and the surrounding areas. He reigned till 1832. His reign is noted for the literary, scientific and technological accomplishments of the Tanjore country.

Shivaji II

Shivaji II was the last Maratha ruler of Thanjavur and reigned from 1832 to 1855. He did not have any male heirs, After his death, the Queen adopted her nephew. The British did not accept this adoption and Thanjavur was annexed by them as per the provisions of the Doctrine of Lapse.

Literature


The Thanjavur Maratha Rajas favoured Sanskrit and Telugu, the earlier popular languages of the area.  Most of the plays were performed in Sanskrit. Venkoji, the first ruler of the Bhonsle dynasty composed a 'Dvipada' Ramayana in Telugu. His son Shahuji was a great patron of learning and of literature. Most of the Thanjavur Maratha literature is from his period.  Advaita Kirtana is one of the prominent works from this period. Serfoji II built the Saraswathi Mahal Library within the precincts of the palace to house his enormous book and manuscript collection. Apart from Indian languages, Serfoji II was proficient in English, French, Dutch, Greek and Latin as well.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanjavur_Maratha_kingdom

http://www.mythanjavur.com/about-thanjavur/maratha-history/

Related Article

Thanjavur Nayaks



28 March - Day in History of India and Importance


1645 - Sikh Guru Har Govind Singh died.

1941 - Netaji Bose reached Berlin  -23 January - Birthday

1963 - First meeting of National Aeronautical Laboratory Executive Council under the Chairmanship of J R D Tata.

1990 -Bengal won the Ranji Trophy.

2015 - Saina Nehwal became the first Indian woman to become the World No. 1 Women Badminton player. She is also the first Indian to become World No. 1 in the new ranking systems introduced in lates 1990s.

_________________

_________________

Headlines Today upload

http://sports.ndtv.com/badminton/news/239792-saina-nehwal-creates-history-becomes-india-s-first-world-no-1-women-s-badminton-player


Birthdays

Polly Umrigar,
Chittoor Nagayya - Telugu Film Actor
Popular Film of Nagayya - Bhakta Ramadasu

_______________________

_______________________

Rajshri Telugu upload


Munmun Sen
1978 - Nafisa Joseph - Miss India Universe (1997)

http://www.indianage.com/0328.html

Friday, March 27, 2015

8 May - Day in History of India and Importance

Red Cross Day

1933 - Gandhi starts fast to protest British oppression of untouchables.
1996 - Lok Sabha election counting of votes

Birthdays

1916 Swami Chinmayananda


Devi Prasad Shetty,


http://www.indianage.com/0508.html

1 May - Day in History of India and Importance


Gujarat Day
Maharashtra Day

1862 - First convocation of Bombay University
1879 - Ramakrishna Mission established
1977 - Janata Party was established
1994 - Party Shiromani Akali Dal was established.

Birthdays

1867 -  Kasinadhuni Nageswara Rao - Freedom fighter, Founder of Andhra Pratrika, Amrutanjanam
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashinathuni_Nageshwara_Rao

1913 - Balraj Sahni

1922 - Madhu Limaye

Ananda Mahindra


http://www.indianage.com/0501.html

Thursday, March 26, 2015

4 April - Day in History of India and Importance



1858 - Rani Laxmibai fled to Gwalior.


1990 - Latha Mangeshkar was awarded prestigious 'Dadasaheb Phalke award. '



Birthdays

1904 - K.L. Saigal


http://www.indianage.com/0404.html

2 April - Day in History of India and Importance



1679 - Aurangzeb reimposed Jajiya abolished by Akbar

1702 - First Peshwa passed away.

1870 - Poona Sarvajanik Sabha was founded.

1933- Death of Ranjith Singh, Indian cricketer who had won the admiration of  British cricket lovers.  Ranji Trophy is the National tournament in India

1942 - Congress rejected proposals of Sir Stafford Cripps.

1962 - 3rd Lok Sabha of India was formed.
See for strengths of various parties in 3rd Lok Sabha
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_1962

1970 - Meghalaya state was established.

1980 - Raj Narayan started Janata (S) Party

Birthdays

1902 - Gulam Ali Khan Ustad Bade

http://www.indianage.com/0402.html

Tuesday, March 24, 2015

24 March - Day in History of India and Importance







1307 Malik Kafur, Alauddin Khilji's Commander, won the impregnable fort of Devgiri.  Raja Ramdeva was taken prisoner and sent to Delhi. He died in 1312.
1757        Surrender of French at Chandernagore to Clive
1855 First long distance telegram message was opened between Agra and Calcutta at a distance of 1,300 km.
1902 Anusilan Samiti, a revolutionary organisation, was formed in Bengal.
1946 British Cabinet Mission came to India presided by Lord Pethick Lawrence.
1947 Lord Louis Mountbatten came to India.
1968 The second Indian-made rocket 'Menaka' successfully launched at the Thumba station.
1974 Lokprabha weekly started its publication.
1977 Morarji Desai elected leader of Janata Party and sworn in as the Prime Minister of India at New Delhi.  He was in the office of Prime Minister till July 28, 1979. This was first non-Congress Government in India.
1977 Ban on RSS and 26 other organisations lifted.
1987 First developmental launch of new generation rocket ASLV 'Stretched Rohini Satellite Series' (SROSS-1). This carried payload for launch vehicle performance monitoring and for gamma ray astronomy. This plunged within two minutes and 40 seconds of its launching.
1990 Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was withdrawn in toto from the northern and eastern provinces of Sri Lanka.
1998 G.M.C. Balayogi of the Telugu Desam is elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha as the candidate of the BJP-led Government.
1998 200 people are killed in a tornado on both sides of the West Bengal-Orissa border. The toll includes 80 from West Bengal's Midnapore district.
2000 Rupali Repale of India becomes the first woman and the youngest to swim the Robben Island channel-both ways.


Birthdays

1924 Virendrakumar Bhattacharya, Gyanpeeth award winner and Assamia novelist, was born.


http://www.indianage.com/0324.html

25 March - Day in History of India and Importance




1898
Sister Nivedita becomes disciple of Swami Vivekananda

1931 - 50 killed in riots.

1955 - The first helicopter S-55 for Indian Air Force arrived in Delhi.

1989 - India's first super computer X-MP-14, US Make was dedicated to the nation.

1991 - Census report released. India has 844 million people.

Birthdays


Farukh Shaikh
Suravaram Sudhakara Reddy - MP - Andhra Pradesh

http://www.indianage.com/0325.html

29 March - Day in History of India and Importance



1561 - Akbar attacked Malwa.
1849 - Britishers occupied Amritsar defeating Sikh Army
1857 - Sepoy Mangal Pandey fired the first shot in Sepoy Mutiny.

1954 - Indian Institute of Public Administration was inaugurated.
1970 - Reservation to SCs increased to 15% from 12.5%.




Birthdays
Utpal Dutt
Jagdeep
1939 - Hanumant Singh (Cricketer - Century on debut)
1947 - K.C. Singh Baba - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

http://www.indianage.com/0329.html

26 March - Day in History of India and Importance

Bangladesh Day


1931 - New Delhi becomes capital of British India.

1942 - Marriage of Indira to Feroz Gandhi

1972 - First International Sanskrit Conference was held.

1977 - Cabinet formation by Morarji Desai.

1987 - Hyderabad won the Ranji Trophy.

1989 - Eighth Antarctica expedition returned. It erected India's second manned station Maitri.

2012 - Nuclear Fuel Complex at Hyderabad successfully manufactured tubes required for Nuclear plants. NFC is the fourth facility in the world to make such tubes.


Birthdays

Rajeev Motwani (Professor Computer Science),
Prakash Raj
Madhoo (1972)

http://www.indianage.com/0326.html