Sunday, November 30, 2014

30 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1759 - Alamgir was murdered by his minister Imad ul Mulk
1896 - Gandhi sailed for South Africa with his family members
1982 - World premier of Attenborough's Gandhi in Delhi.



Birthdays

1858 - Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
1948 - K.R. Vijaya
1950 - Subash Chandra, Vani Jayaram
1957 - Dr. G. Vivekanand - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


Deaths

1915 - Gurajada Venkata Appa Rao, Telugu author died.
1999 - Prof. M.N. Srinivas, Sociologist died.
2012 - I.K. Gujral former prime minister passed away.

23 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1757 - Battle of Plassey. Nawab of Bengal was defeated East India Company army.
1927 - All India Radio Broadcasting Service started
1980 - Sanjay Gandhi Died in a plane crash
(I was in Hyderabad at this time)
2000 - Journalist Palagummi Sainath got Amnest International Global Award for Human Rights Journalism



Birthdays

Raj Babbar

Deaths

1953 DR. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee died in Srinagar while in detention.
1975 - Prannath Tapar, Former Chief of Army
1997 - Acharya Tulasi and Jain religion died.


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http://www.indianage.com/0623.html

Saturday, November 29, 2014

History of India - November Top 10 posts

29 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1948 - Constituent Assembly bans discrimination against untouchables.
1961 - Yuri Gegarin of USSR who walked in the space came to India.
1962 - Haryana achieved the target of supplying electricity to 100% of the villages.
1989 - Rajiv Gandhi Resigned as Prime Minister of India, as his party did not win enough seats to form the Government.
1991 - Test cricket debut of Javagal Srinath
2000 - India signed as counter trade oil agreement with Iraq.


Birthdays

1945 - Basori Singh Masram - 2009 Lok Sabha Member -   INC
1953 - Bahuriya Ramswarup Devi, known as Lakshmibai of Bihar passed away. She led Chapra District Revolt.


http://www.indianage.com/1129.html

Friday, November 28, 2014

28 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1927 - Death of Lala Lajpatrai due to injuries sustained in lathi charge in protect against Simon Commission

1956 - Chou En- lai, Prime Minister of China came to India.
1997 - Seven months old United Front Government with I.K. Gujral as Prime Minister went out of office.
2000 - Ram Vilas Paswan launched party Janashakti in Delhi.


Birthdays




Deaths

1967 - Senapati Bapat passed away. He led Mulshi satyagraha.
1993 - JRD Tata passed away in Geneva.


http://www.indianage.com/1128.html

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

16 November - - Day in History of India and Importance


National Press Day

1713 - Chhatrapati Shahu appointed Balaji Vishwanath as 'Peshwa'
1835 - Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. She was named Manikarnika and was called 'Manu'.

1860 - Steam Ship S.S.Truno sailed into Durban, Natal with 342 Indians onboard who went to South Africa for working there.
http://tonymac04.hubpages.com/hub/Indian-South-Africans-150-years-of-toil-and-triumph

1908 - Bommi Narsingh Reddy, famous film story writer, was born.
1958 - India and U.S.S.R. sign trade agreement to exchange Soviet industrial and agricultural equipment for farm commodities at Moscow.
1962 - Chinese troops launch a major offensive against India.
1966 - Press Council of India was established (National Press Day)
            http://presscouncil.nic.in/OldWebsite/npd.htm
1990 - Chandrasekhar Government wins confidence motion of 280 for 214 against and 11 abstained (17 members were absent).
1991 - Voting day in 15 Lok Sahba general elections

1992 - Supreme Court upholds Mandal Committee report implementation
2000 - The Government to reduce equity holding in nationalised banks from 51 per cent to 33 per cent.
2013 - Last day of Test Cricket for Bharat Ratna Sachin Tendulkar

Margashirsha Shukla Ekadashi - Gita Jayanti




Gita Jayanti is the birthday of Bhagvad Gita,

It is celebrated on the Shukla Ekadasi, 11th day of the waxing moon of Margashirsha month (November-December).

The "Bhagavad Gita" was revealed to Arjuna by Sri Krishna  in the battlefield of Kurukshetra (in present day Haryana, India). Krishna told Arjuna to act according to his dharma.

A summary of Bhagavad Gita.

No body in the universe can stop activity. Every individual keeps doing some thing or other activity. Every individual has the right to do a proper activity after due thinking, but results may not happen as expected as the rest of the world acts in its own way and it is not under the control of one man. So a man should not get attached too much to the results of any particular action. But he has to keep acting according to his knowledge of dharma. In the Bhagavadgita, Krishna described Jnana Yoga that gives knowledge to one to make sense of the world. Raja Yoga which is doing great things in this world which are not within the abilities of many people. Karma yoga is doing activities that one has to do in a natural way as he comes across in his life. Bhakti yoga is great devotion to God or Jnana and Raja yogis or even karma yogis.  Bhakti yoga talks of willingness to follow, waiting for directions and implementing the directions like a karma yogi. Hanuman is considered a bhakta, even though he is a great Raja Yogi. He did many great adventures. But he did them on the directions of his object of devotion Shri Rama.

Monday, November 24, 2014

Margashirsha - Shukla Panchami



2013 - 7 December

Naag Panchami, Shriram Vivah Utsava, Shri Panchami,



The sacred marriage of Devi Sita with Lord Rama was held on Margashirsha Shukla Panchami as per Valmiki Ramayana (This occasion is known as Seetha Kalyana).




http://astrobix.com/astrosight/598-Fast_and_Festivals_2013__Hindu_Festivals_Calendar_2013__Hindu_Calendar_2013.html

24 November - Day in History of India and Importance


1926 - Aurobindo Ghose attained purna Siddhi
1989 - Sachin Tendulkar becomes the youngest cricketer to score a fifty in test cricket.

Birthdays

1899 - Pandit Hiralal Shastri, First CM Rajastan
1924 - R.K. Laxman
1944 - Amol Palekar
1952 - Brijesh Patel
1954 - Parvez Hashmi - 2012 Rajya Sabha Member


http://www.indianage.com/1124.html

25 November - Day in History of India and Importance


1948 - National Cadet Corps (NCC) was established.
1956 - Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned as Railway Minister taking responsibility for a rail accident.
1993 - Platinum Jubilee International Symposium on Nutrition - National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Platinum Jubilee.
1999 - Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam appointed as Principal Scientific Advisor to Government of India.

Birthdays

1879 - Shri Tanvardas Lilaram Vasvani
1977 - Dilip Kumar Tirkey - 2009 Rajya Sabha Member


http://www.indianage.com/1125.html

Sunday, November 23, 2014

23 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1919 - All India Khilafat Conference in Delhi
1948 - Poonch in Jammu region, was relieved from the attack of tribals from Pakistan.
http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/History/1948War/254-Defending-Kashmir.html
1983 - CHOGM meets at Delhi
1991 - Bhaskaracharya Research Institute established at Dhule
1997 - Nirad C. Chaudhuri became a centurion in his life by celebrating his 100th birthday.

Birthdays

Nirad Chaudhuri (1897)
Puttaparti Satya Sai Baba (1926)


http://www.indianage.com/1123.html

Saturday, November 22, 2014

22 November - Day in History of India and Importance


1915 - Gandhi returned to India
1988 - Baba Amte was given UN Human Rights award
1989 - Ninth General Election began for Lok Sabha

Birthdays
1939 - Mulayam Singh Yadav - 2009, 2014 Lok Sabha Member
            Former Defence Minister Government of India - Former Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh

1948 - Saroj Khan (Choreographer)



1773 - Death of Robert Clive

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

18 November - Day in History of India and Importance




1497
Vasco da Gama reached the Cape of Good Hope.
http://www.goldenagestories.com/news/2011/11/17/today-in-history-nov-18/947

1962
Battle of Rezang La in India - China war 1962. 120 Indian soldiers of Chalie company of 13 Kumaon batallion defended their position and killed more than 1000 Chinese soldiers.
http://www.indianexpress.com/news/-nobody-believed-we-had-killed-so-many-chinese-at-rezang-la.-our-commander-called-me-crazy-and-warned-that-i-could-be-courtmartialled-/1023745
Hindi film Haqeeqat 1964 film is made on this battle story.


Heroes of Rezang La Honoured by CNN IBN - I saw the felicitation in the  repeat telecast of this program on 25 December 2012
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Major Shaitan Singh - Param Vir Chakra




Major Shaitan Singh - Second Param Vir Chakra Awardee

Indian Army Official Page 


Param Vir Chakra - Google Book

Pages on Major Shaitan Singh


Watch Video on Param Vir Major Shaitan Singh

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Himalaya Films upload

India - China War - 1962


The attack by Chinese began on 19 October 1962
By 23 October they occupied a large territory and on 24 made some proposals to Indian Government regarding cessation of hostilities.

On 20th November Bomdila fell.

Unsung Battles of 1962 

Gurdip Singh Kler
Lancer Publishers, 1995 - 525 pages

http://books.google.co.in/books?id=hciHTVUILb4C  (Preview facility)


War in High Himalaya: The Indian Army in Crisis, 1962



D. K. Palit
C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 01-Jan-1991 -  450 pages


The circumstances attending the disastrous campaign that followed the Chinese invasion of India's Himalayan borders have never been clearly understood. Even today, some three decades after the ceasefire of November 1962, very little official information has been made available to the public or the press about that brief but traumatic episode.

The author is Director of Military Operations at Army Headquarters during that fateful period and he both witnessed and took part in the processes through which government policies were formulated and the decision taken to go to war against the Chinese, in circumstances that must have indicated inevitable catastrophe.

General Palit describes with refreshing candour the ad hoc nature of the decision-making apparatus at prime ministerial and cabinet levels, the lack of any semblance of coordinated staff analyses, the over-reach of government into the responsibilities of the military, and the quiescence of the latter in permitting it. He is uninhibited in recording facts as he saw them and the opinions he held at the time, though always careful to distinguish between that and hind-sight rationalization. While commenting on the actions of others the author is also frankly and disarmingly self-critical. In an attempt to explain the historical causes for the almost total lack of inter-face between the government and the military, a leitmotiv that runs through the narrative, the author has made an interesting analysis of the ethos of the Indian Army as it has developed during the British-Indian period, an inheritance from the colonial past that remained unchanged despite forty-five years of independence. In a fascinating postscript the author demonstrates that this malfunctioning of the government's national security system continues to the present day.
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ukw1PuEt8IcC (Preview the book)


India and the China Crisis
Steven A. Hoffmann
University of California Press, 1990 - Political Science - 324 pages
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=BpSRwC5_EPUC


Ten Truths about the 1962 War
http://www.indiandefencereview.com/spotlights/ten-truths-about-the-1962-war/

Reasons for the Bomdila debacle
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Reasons-for-the-Bomdila-debacle/articleshow/29487817.cms


Memories of 1962 War - Times of India

The Se La Debacle of 1962  (To be read again)
http://www.indiadefence.com/Sela.htm

Unforgettable Battle of 1962 : 13 Kumaon at Rezang La
http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/History/1962War/414-Rezang-La.html

Battle of Rezang La - Article by me under preparation

Battle of Rezang La - India - China War 1962



One spot, where our soldiers fought back, and repelled, the Chinese incursions was at Rezang La near Chushul, in the Himalayan heights. On November 18, 1962, 114 soldiers of the 13th Kumaon fought till the last man, and last bullet, in sub-zero temperatures, to beat back the huge Chinese army.

A grateful nation acknowledged their valour by posthumously conferring the Param Vir Chakra on Major Shaitan Singh.


114 soldiers of the 13th Kumaon had to offer their supreme sacrifice fighting till the 'last man and last bullet' in sub-zero temperature (minus 15 degrees Celsius) at Rezang La on November 18, 1962.


http://www.rediff.com/news/2008/nov/18sd1.htm


Read the more detailed description in
http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/LAND-FORCES/History/1962War/414-Rezang-La.html

19 November - Day in History of India and Importance


World Toilet Day    - An important day to be thought of by Indian society.

Birthdays

1828 - Rani Lakshmibai
1917 - Indira Gandhi
1965 - Dr. Killi Kruparani - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

Sunday, November 16, 2014

Sachin Tendulkar - Last Day in Test Cricket - 16 November 2013



16  November 2013 was the last day of the India - West Indies 2 Test of 2013-14 series. The match was played for 3 days (14 - 16 November 2014) with India winning by an innings and 126 days.

Sachin came to bat in the first innings of India on the first day, carried it to the second day and made 74 runs.  16 was the last day of test and last day of Sachin Tendulkar's test cricket career.


Sachin's Farewell Speech on 16 November 2013

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sT

Saturday, November 8, 2014