Saturday, November 26, 2016

November - Indian History Events of Each Day


November - Indian History Events of Each Day





Jawaharlal Nehru - First Prime Minister of India - Birthday 14 November
                                            Picture Source: http://photodivision.gov.in/fsearch.asp


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11       12     13    14      15     16    17    18      19     20

21       22     23    24      25     26    27    28      29     30

Battle of Peshawar - 1001



Battle of Peshawar, was fought on 27 November 1001 between the army of Mahmud of Ghazni and the Hindu Shahi army of Jayapala, near Peshawar.

In the war,  Jayapala was defeated and captured, and as a result of the humiliation of the defeat, he later immolated himself in a funeral pyre.

This is the first of many major battles in which Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Hindustan and plundered its riches.

http://www.ibiblio.org/britishraj/Jackson5/chapter02.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Peshawar_(1001)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jayapala

Related Article

Bappa Rawal - Founder of Mewar Dynasty - Warrior Who Defeated Arabs - 713-780 AD

Friday, November 25, 2016

27 November - Day in History of India and Importance

1001 - Sultan Mehmud Ghazini won Afghanistan and Punjab in Battle of Peshawar.

1992 - Sachin Tendulkar became youngest cricketer to make 1000 runs in test cricket in Johannesberg.
1993 - India won Hero Cup by defeating West Indies.
1998 - India retains Tennis Asian Cup by defeating Uzbekistan.


Birthdays
1907 - Harivanshrai Bachchan
1952 - Bappi Lahiri
1962 - Prahlad Venkatesh Joshi - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
1986 - Suresh Raina - Cricket



Dollar - India Exchange Rate

27 Nov 2015 -   1 USD = 66.811
http://usd.fx-exchange.com/inr/2015_11_27-exchange-rates-history.html

27 Nov 2016    68.49



http://www.indianage.com/1127.html


Updated 27 November 2016,  26 November 2014

Thursday, November 24, 2016

5 December - Day in History of India and Importance





1657 - Murad proclaimed himself as emperor of India.
1950  - Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
1999 - India's Yukta Mukhi crowned Miss World  (India Time)
            http://www.missworld.com/History/1999/ 

Yukta Mukhi - Film Pyasa song
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Birthdays

1966 - Dayanidhi Maran - 2009 Lok Sabha Member - Minister for some time


Deaths

1905 - Sheikh Abdullah
1950 - Aurobindo Ghosh
1959 - Sajjan Jindal


http://www.indianage.com/1205.html

Updated  27 November 2016, 4 Dec 2014

28 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1997
Gujral government fell as Congress withdrew support.



Birthdays

1928 - K.V.K. Raju - Founder, Nagarjuna Fertilisers, Kakinada


Updated  27 November 2016,  21 December 2012

2 December - Day in History of India and Importance


1942 - Aurobindo Ashram School was inaugurated.
1984 - Bhopal Gas Disaster

1989  - V.P. Singh took oath as Prime Minister of India.
1999 - Nagoor Meeran for AIADMK minister and his wife were sentenced to 3 years in prison for disproportionate wealth case.
1999 - Navjot Singh Sidhu announced his retirement from test and domestic cricket



Birthdays - Indians - 2rd December

1912 - B. Nagi Reddi - Telugu Film Producer
1937 - Manohar Joshi
1947 - K.V. Kamat
1959 - Boman Irani
1960 - Silk Smita

Deaths

1996 - Dr. M. Chenna Reddy passed away.


http://www.indianage.com/1202.html

Updated  27 November 2016,  1 December 2014

Monday, October 10, 2016

13 October - Day in History of India and Importance








1240 - Razia Sultana, died in battle

1781 - Treaty between Scindia and British

1987 - Kishore Kumar, the famous hindi film singer, died in Bombay.

1999 - Atal Behari Vajpayee became Prime Minister of India

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Birthdays

1877 - Bhulabhai Desai

Ashok Kumar (1911), 

Chitti Babu (Veena)

Updated  13 October 2016,  13 October 2015

Monday, September 26, 2016

28 September - Day in History of India and Importance


2016 - Indian Army carried out surgical strike on terrorist camps inside POK.
2015 - PM Narendra Modi will meet American President Barack Obama.

2014 - Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will address Indians in America in Madison Garden. It can accommodate 20,000 people. There will be live telecast. May be in India Time it will be on 29 September

Important Hindi Film News 
28 September - World Television Broadcast of 2014 Bollywood Super Hit - Salman Khan's KICK on StarGOLD Channel at 8 pm Indian Standard Time.


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Birthdays


1907 - Birthday of Shahid Bhagat Singh

1929 - Bharat Ratna Lata Mangeshkar

Abhinav Bindra

Death

1940
Pandit Sundelal Sharma, known as Chattisgarh Gandhi passed away.


Related Bollywood Films


28 September - Bollywood Hindi Hit Film YouTube Video Theater

Advance Study in the History of Modern India (Volume-1: 1707-1803)
 By G.S.Chhabra
Google Book with Preview
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=UkDi6rVbckoC

Updated 29 September 2016

Friday, September 23, 2016

25 September - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthday 1916 - Deen Dayal Upadhyay - Integral Humanism
2016 - Article on Deendayal Upadhyay
https://www.thequint.com/opinion/2016/09/24/with-a-focus-on-vikas-deendayal-went-beyond-public-vs-private-deendayal-upadhyaya-bjp-jana-sangh-rss-modi



2015
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in USA tour

2014

Make in India Campaign Programme on 25 September 2014

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will launch “Make in India”, as per the following details:

Venue: Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, Date:  Thursday, September 25, 2014, Time: 10:00 hrs

 Modi travelled to USA

Golden Jubilee of Directorate of Naval Design - Started on 25 September 1964
http://www.rediff.com/news/report/defence-news-119-warships-built-naval-design-celebrates-golden-jubilee/20140926.htm

1990
Advani started Ayodhya Rath Yatra from Somnath

1984
Indian Army withdraws from Golden Temple, Amritsar

Birthdays

1914 - Devilal
1916 - Deen Dayal Upadhyay - Integral Humanism
1939 - Feroz Khan
1946 - Bishen Singh Bedi

Satish Dhawan

Updated  25 September 2016

Thursday, September 8, 2016

12 September - Day in History of India and Importance



1686 - Aurangjeb defeats Bijapur forces

1897 - Battle of Saragarhi
http://www.msn.com/en-in/entertainment/bollywood/randeep-hooda-to-play-a-sikh-soldier-in-rajkumar-santoshis-battle-of-sargarhi/ar-BBv5CUU


1965 - Battle for Chhawinda - India at War - India-Pak war
1965 India - Pakistan War


Updated  11 September 2016 1 August 2016, 26 December 2012

1965 India - Pakistan War - 1st to 23rd, September




9 April 1965 - Pakistani forces in brigade strength attacked the CRPF manned Sardar post near the old ruined Fort of Kanjarkot.

29 April - Simple ceasefire declared.

1 September 1965 - Pakistan attacked Indian borders in Chamb area.
2 September 1965 - Pakistan Army entered Indian territory up to a depth of 5 miles.
3 September 1965 - Addtional brigades moved to defend Akhnoor against Pakistan army attack.
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/india-today-newsmakers-of-1960s-indian-soldier/1/164433.html

4 September 1965 - ECC met twice. Reply to U-Thant UNO General Secretary fnalized. 2 Pak aircraft were shot down.
1965 War Inside Story - Diary of Y.B. Chavan, page 28
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ymYCJQjEGBUC&pg=PA28#v=onepage&q&f=false

6 September 1965 - India entered into counterattack on 6 September
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/6/newsid_3632000/3632092.stm


12 September
Visit of U-Thant to Delhi
Battle for Chhawinda
Attack on Khem Karan - India suffered losses of men in small attacks - 4 Sikh, 2 Mahar Troops lost good number of men.

Ceasefire was declared on 23 September



Sources:

The 1965 Indo Pakistan War.
From Book, Transition to Triumph
http://indiannavy.nic.in/book/1965-indo-pakistan-war


1965 War, the Inside Story: Defence Minister Y.B. Chavan's Diary of India-Pakistan War
R. D. Pradhan, Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
Atlantic Publishers & Dist, 01-Jan-2007 - India - 141 pages
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ymYCJQjEGBUC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Conflict Between India and Pakistan - Peter Lyon
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=vLwOck15eboC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Some Comments on War by Major General (Retd) Niranjan Prasad
http://expressindia.indianexpress.com/ie/daily/20000916/ian16060.html


From Gibraltar to Grand Slam . A narrative by Inder Malhotra
http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/from-gibraltar-to-grand-slam/1042727/

Review of Farooq Bajwa's Book - From Kutch to Tashkent The Indo Pakistan War of 1965 in Frontline
http://www.frontline.in/books/battlefields-and-history/article5429578.ece

Indian Air Force has to reason to celebrate September 5, 1965.
http://www.business-standard.com/article/opinion/ajai-shukla-the-day-nothing-happened-114090101482_1.html

Role of Madras Regiment in 1965 War
http://madrasregiment.org/IndoPak1965-test.htm

Air Force Day Backgrounder - PIB News Item - 2001
http://pib.nic.in/feature/feyr2001/foct2001/f041020012.html


Updated  11 Sep 2016,  4 September 2014


Maharaja Chhatrasal 1649-1731

Chhatrasal was born in Kachar Kachnai on the 4 May 1649, to Champat Rai and Lal Kunwar. He was a descendent of Rudra Pratap of Orchha.

Inspired by Chatrapati Shivaji's advice Chhatrasal raised the banner of revolt against the Mughals in Bundelkhand at the age of 22 in 1671. During the first ten years of his revolt he conquered a large tract of land between Chitrakoot and Panna on the east and Gwalior on the west. His domains stretched from Kalpi in the north to Sagar, Garah Kota and Damoh in the south. Some of the Mughal generals who were defeated by him were Rohilla Khan, Kaliq, Munawwar Khan, Sadruddin, Sheikh Anwar, Sayyid Latif, Bahlol Khan and Abdus Ahmed.

Mastani, the wife of the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I was Chhatrasal's daughter

Before his death on the 20 December 1731, Chhatrasal bequeathed Mahoba and the surrounding area to Baji Rao I in return for Baji Rao's assistance against the Mughals.

Chhatrasal was a patron of literature, and his court housed several noted poets. His eulogies written by Kavi Bhushan, Lal Kavi, Bakhashi Hansaraj and other court poets helped him gain lasting fame.

Chhatrasal was a disciple of Prannathji and accepted him as his guru and accepted Pranami Dharma.



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Aneesh Gokhale
(Writer of History Books)

http://www.hvk.org/2003/1003/75.html

http://www.indianetzone.com/65/maharaja_chhatrasal.htm


Updated  11 September 2016, 11 August 2013

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

30 October - Day in History of India and Importance




1990 - UP government  has ordered firing on Karsewaks in Ayodhya. Mulayam Singh was the chief minister at that time.
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/firing-on-kar-sewaks-sad-but-was-necessary-mulayam/story-4uW2TRXFEOxrDmDpalaWiI.html
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/oppn-fumes-as-mulayam-regrets-firing-at-kar-sevaks/article8152545.ece

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Samachar Plus

2006 - Sensex crossed 13,000 mark and closed at 13,024.26.  This was 47% rise over its low in June 2006. Nifty his a new high of 3776.05 on the day. But Merrill Lynch still forecasted that Sensex will slip to 11,500 by December 2007.

Birthdays


1935 - Dr. Dendukuri Siva Prasad - Professor and Head of the Department, Sanskrit, Andhra University and Sanghachalak, Andhra Pradesh, RSS
http://pragatipadh.com/CMS/Frm_pragatiaboutus.aspx

1949 Pramod Mahajan - Cabinet Minister, Central Government


Updated  27 August 2016,  5 January 2015

Saturday, August 20, 2016

20 August - Day in History of India and Importance


Sadbhavana Day


1917 - Montagu declaration

2016 - Dr. Urjit Patel will be new Governor of RBI (announcement made today)

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Birthdays
1856 - Narayan Guru - Kerala reformer
1944 - Rajiv Gandhi

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ABP News


1946 - N.R. Narayana Murthy - Founder, Chairman, Infosys

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NDTV


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NDTV


Updated 20 August 2016,  20 December 2012

Thursday, August 18, 2016

21 August - Day in History of India and Importance







World Entrepreneurs' Day

1972
Law for protection of wild animals from extinction was passed.



Birthdays
Sudhakarrao Naik, A. Narendra, Amjad Khan, Ahmed Patel,



Updated 21 August 2016, 26 December 2012

Sunday, August 7, 2016

9 August - Day in History of India and Importance

Quit India Day



1747 -English sent Admiral Boscawen to India and he landed at Fort St. David on 9 August 1747.
ref: Charles Macfarlane

1942 -Quit India Movement started
http://www.gandhi-manibhavan.org/activities/quit_india.htm
Quit India Resolution and Movement

Subhash Chandra Bose formed Indian National Army


2000 - Parliament approved Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Bill.

2012 -Bharat Parikrama yatra started by Sitaram Kedilaya, RSS Akhil Bharat Seva Pramukh. He will walk 15000 kms at 10 km a day and complete the parikrama in 5 years - 2012-2017.
http://guide-india.blogspot.in/2013/08/bharat-parikrama-yatra-sitaram-kedilaya.html

Slogan of the yatra: “Know Bharat, Become Bharat, Make Bharat the World’s Teacher"
The yatra began from Kanyakumari.

2016

Name of Village in Bhavra was changed to Azad Nagar (Birth place of Chandra Sekhar Azad)
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Birthdays


9 - Smt. Sarika Devendra Singh Baghel -  Lok Sabha Member - RLD - Haryana, Mahesh Babu,






http://www.indianage.com/0809.html

Updated 9 August 2016, 31 August 2014

Monday, August 1, 2016

2016 - Year in Indian History



Centenary year of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay



Centenary year of Lok Manya Bal Gangadhar Tilak's slogan - Swaraj is my birthright.
http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/news/make-in-india-symbolises-tilaks-swaraj-movement-cm/article8893402.ece

http://www.india.com/news/india/lokmanya-tilak-remembered-on-centenary-of-swaraj-my-birthright-slogan-1353182/





July 2016
A big contingent (around 119) athletes and sportsmen are going to participate in Rio Olympics 2016.

Saturday, July 30, 2016

23 July - Day in History of India and Importance





July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP




2016

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Birthdays

1856 - Lok Manya Bal Gangadhara Tilak
1944 - Bhaskarrao Bapurao Patil  2009 Lok Sabha Member


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Update 1 august 2016,  25 Dec 2012

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

22 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1678 - Shivaji won the Vellore fort.

1702 - East India Company merged with a rival group and United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies was formed. In 1833, the name was again changed to East India Company.

1908 - Bal Gangadhar Tilak sentenced to 6 year jail in Mandlay (Burma - Myanmar)




July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP

2016 - AN 32 missing
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Birthdays

1925 - H.J. Teleyarkhan
1959 - Anant Kumar

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Updated  22 July 2016, 24 December 2012

Monday, July 18, 2016

21 July - Day in History of India and Importance

1658 - Aurangjeb became emperor of Delhi - informal event.
1883 - Star theater was opened in Calcutta
1947 - Indian Constituent Assembly accepted tricolour flag as  National Flag.
1963 - Kashi Vidyapeeth was given University status
1977 - Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected as President of India
1988 - INSAT 1C was launched.
1999 - Janata Dal Split into two, one led by Deve Gowda and one by Sharad Yadav. The group led by Sharad Yadav supports NDA.

2016 - Economic Times brings out a special issue on 25 years Economic Reforms initiated in July 1991. (Budget speech of 1991 delivered on 24 July 1996 is a major reform event)

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Birthdays
1930 - Anand Bakshi
1934 - Chandu Borde (Cricketer)
1942 - Shri Mallikharjun Kharge -  2009 Lok Sabha Member


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Updated on 21 July 2016,  25 December 2012

24 July - Day in History of India and Importance




1991 - On 24 July 1991, the Congress government, led by P.V. Narasimha Rao, announced  the “New Industrial Policy”, which kickstarted the process of liberalization of the economy from central planning and primacy of the public sector principle. The policy, at one stroke, opened up the manufacturing sector by dismantling the system of licences and controls for most industries and allowed 51% foreign equity in Indian companies.

http://www.livemint.com/Politics/nAnoRg4LU8JTsUE4T7STWI/20-years-of-economic-reforms.html

Budget of Speech of Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh
http://indiabudget.nic.in/bspeech/bs199192.pdf


July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP


2016
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Birthdays

1980 - Kumari Agatha Sangma - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


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Updated  21 July 2016,  25 Dec 2012

Monday, July 11, 2016

14 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1636 - Aurangjeb was appointed as Viceroy of Deccan by Emperor Shajehan.

1942 - Quit India resolution passed by Congress Working Committee




Birthdays
1656 - Guru Harkishan - 8th Sikh Guru
1929 - Kailash Joshi -  2009 Lok Sabha Member


Updated 14 July 2016,  25 Dec 2012

Monday, July 4, 2016

8 July - Day in History of India and Importance


1497 - Vasco-da-gama started from Lisbon his exploration of the route to India.

1907 - Elphinstone Picture Palace (Film theater) was opened in Calcutta
1918 - Montagu - Chelmsford report was published.
1954 - Bhakra-Nangal dam canal was inaugurated.
1991 - 25 tonnes of gold was moved to London as security for a loan
1991 - L K Advani became Leader of Opposition in 10th Lok Sabha
1996 - Mathematical Olympiad was first held in Mumbai.


2016

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Birthdays
1914 - Jyoti Basu - Chief Minister, West Bengal, 1977-2000
1949 - Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy
            Neetu Singh (Bollywood actress)
1972 - Sourav Ganguly (Cricketer)


8 July - Bollywood - Hindi Films - NRUTube Video Movie Theater

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Updated 8 July 2016

Saturday, June 25, 2016

Indian History - Marathi Language Material - भारताची चरित्र



Chandragupt Maurya
http://www.ns6.hostit.co.in/node/3001

About political Leaders in Marathi
http://www.myhistoryclass.co.in/PoliticalLeaders.aspx

विनायक दामोदर सावरकर

स्वातंत्र्यवीर विनायक दामोदर सावरकर: हे भारतीय स्वातंत्र्यसैनिक, मराठी भाषेतील कवी व लेखक होते. भारतीय स्वातंत्र्यलढ्यातील एका क्रांतिकारक चळवळीचे धुरीण, स्वातंत्र्यपूर्व आणि स्वातंत्र्योत्तर भारतीय राजकारणातील एक महत्त्वाचे राजकारणी, हिंदुसंघटक व हिंदुत्वाचे एक विशिष्ट तत्त्वज्ञान मांडणारे तत्त्वज्ञ, विज्ञानाचा पुरस्कार व जातिभेदाचा तीव्र विरोध करणारे समाज क्रांतिकारक, भाषाशुद्धी व लिपिशुद्धी ह्या चळवळींचे प्रणेते, प्रतिभावंत साहित्यिक आणि प्रचारक असे अनेक पैलू सावरकरांच्या व्यक्तिमत्त्वाला होते.

स्वातंत्र्यवीर सावरकरांचा जीवनक्रम



शिवाजी महाराज : हिंदवी स्वराज्याचे संस्थापक आणि एक आदर्श शासनकर्ता !
http://tejomayitihas.blogspot.in/2011/02/blog-post.html

पांडुरंगाने छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराजांचे रक्षण करणे
http://balsanskar.com/marathi/lekh/1205.html

गांधीजींचे चरित्र



1857 History
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Battle of Panipat
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इतिहास अभ्यास सिद्धता : भाग १

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHLRqEAIZp8

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स्वातंत्र्यदिन  -  15 August


Updated   28 June 2016, 25 Sep 2015, 25 Nov 2013


July - Indian History Posts with Links



India History - All Months Index Page

July - Indian History Events of Each Day
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2016/06/july-indian-history-events-of-each-day.html

1 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/1-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

2 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/2-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

The Union Minister for Defence, Shri Manohar Parrikar and the Chief of Army Staff, General Dalbir Singh inaugurating the Arpan

Software, at a function, in New Delhi on July 02, 2015.

3 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/3-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

The Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and Shipping, Shri Nitin Gadkari addressing at the inauguration of the “Smart

Transportation Infra Summit & Expo 2015”, in New Delhi on July 03, 2015.

4 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/4-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

5 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/5-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

6 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/6-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

Floral tributes were paid to Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, on the occasion of his birth anniversary, in Central Hall of Parliament, in

New Delhi on July 06, 2015.

The Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh paying floral tributes at Babu Jagjivan Ram Smriti Sansthan on the occasion of 29th death

anniversary of the former Deputy Prime Minister, Babu Jagjivan Ram, in New Delhi on July 06, 2015.

7 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/7-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html
The Union Minister for Agriculture, Shri Radha Mohan Singh launched the 'Pashu Poshan', a web and android platform application

developed by the National Dairy Development Board, in New Delhi on July 07, 2015.

8 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/8-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

9 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/9-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html
The former President of India, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam launching the Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, at a function, in New Delhi on July

09, 2015.

10 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/10-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

11 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/11-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

12 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/12-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

13 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/13-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

14 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/14-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

15 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/15-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

16 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/16-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

17 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/17-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

18 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/18-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

19 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/19-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

20 July - Day in History of India and Importance

21 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/21-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html


22 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/22-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html


23 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/23-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

24 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/24-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

25 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/25-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

26 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/26-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

27 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/27-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

28 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/28-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

29 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/29-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

30 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/30-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html

31 July - Day in History of India and Importance
http://thehistoryindia.blogspot.com/2012/12/31-july-day-in-history-of-india-and.html











July - Indian History Events of Each Day







                               http://pibphoto.nic.in/photo//2015/Jul/l2015070167119.jpg

July


1          2       3     4                   7     8        9     10

11       12     13    14      15     16    17    18      19     20

21       22     23    24      25     26    27    28      29     30

31

Indian History - February  - Important Events of the Day


1. Digital India Week programme launched.


India History - All Months Index Page

3 August - Day in History of India and Importance

1780 British forces defeated Scindia and captured Gwalior
1996 Leander Paes won a bronze in Tennis at Atlanta Olympics bringing a Olympic medal to India after 16 years.

2015

Sanskrit News
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2016
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Birthdays
1956 - Ramkishun - 2009 Lok Sabha Member, Balwindersingh Sandhu - bowled Gordon Greenidge in World Cup 1983


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http://www.indianage.com/0803.html

Thursday, June 23, 2016

30 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1799 - Krishna Raj Wodeyar was declared once again King of Mysore

1855 - Santal rebellion started
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santhal_rebellion

1857 - Battle of Chinhat in First Was Indian Independence against British - The troops under Barkat Ahmed made British retreat at Chinhad (Oudh). They later put Lucknow under siege till November.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chinhat


1965 - Ceasefire between India and Pakistan

1986 - Mizoram became a State


2012
News
A R Rahman, joins with Danny Boyle for London Olympics, will showcase  Indian influence in UK by including Punjabi track in the opening ceremony.
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/ar-rahman-to-introduce-punjabi-beats-for-london-olympics/1/203176.html

Headlines of the day
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/30-6-2012/online.html


2015

News
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2016

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Birthdays


1930 George Fernandez

30 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater


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http://www.indianage.com/0630.html

27 June - Day in History of India and Importance








1967
First Indian made AVRO passenger plane HS748 handed over to Indian Airlines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawker_Siddeley_HS_748

2015
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2016

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Birthdays

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
R.D. Burman
1963 - Sushil Kumar Singh - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

27 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater

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http://www.mapsofindia.com/on-this-day/

28 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1975 - India imposes the toughest press censorship since independence.

2015

PM's Man ki Baat

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News
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Sanskrit News

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2016

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Birthdays

1921 - P.V. Narasimha Rao,

Jaspal Rana,

Mullapudy Venkata Ramana,

1952 - Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


28 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater


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29 June - Day in History of India and Importance

Statistics Day

Birthday of Prof P.C. Mahalanobis, 1893-1972 - Founder of Indian Statistical Institute
www.mospi.gov.in


1757 - Mir Jaffer was installed on the throne as Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa


1998 - Central Government decides to grant statehood to Delhi and create three new states, Uttranchal, Vananchal and Chatisgarh


2015

Good News India

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News
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2016

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Birthdays

1893 - Prof P.C. Mahalanobis,  Founder of Indian Statistical Institute



29 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater

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http://www.indianage.com/0629.html

25 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1529 - Babur reached his capital Agra after winning Bengal
1658 - Auranzeb arrested Shah Jahan and put him in Jail in Agra Fort

1932 - India played their first official test match at Lords
1975 - Emergency was imposed in India by Indira Gandhi

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1983 - India won the World Cup Cricket Championship at Lords defeating West Indies in the finals.
            http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/current/match/65090.html

            http://www.msn.com/en-in/sports/cricket/33-years-ago-on-june-25-india-stunned-west-indies-to-win-world-cup/ar-AAhC1BE?li=AAggbRN&ocid=SK2MDHP

2016

PM launches Smart Cities Projects from Pune


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DD News
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Sanskrit News
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Birthdays

1908 - Sucheta Kripalani
1931 V.P. Singh Former Prime Minister of India
          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V._P._Singh

1947 Kanumuri Bapiraju - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
         Karishma Kapoor

25 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater


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http://www.indianage.com/0625.html


Updated  26 June 2016

26 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1975
Emergency declared by Indira Gandhi
http://www.indiragandhi.org.in/legislative-career/indian-emergency.htm

A report on emergency in Hindi
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2015

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2016


Man Ki Baat - PM



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Top 10 News Stories

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Birthdays

1874 - Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj (1874)

Dharmendra Pradhan,

Death

2017 - Dr. Desh Bandhu Gupta (Founder & Chairman, Lupin Limited)


26 June Bollywood - Hindi Films YouTube Video Movie Theater


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http://www.indianage.com/0626.html

Wednesday, June 22, 2016

24 June - Day in History of India and Importance



2016
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Birthdays
1966 - Smt. M. Vijaya Shanti - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


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Updated 26 June 2016

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

22 June - Day in History of India and Importance



2016
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Sanskrit News

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DD News


Birthdays

1968 - Km Saroj Pandey -  2009 Lok Sabha Member



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Sunday, June 12, 2016

12 July - Day in History of India and Importance



CPWD Day

1949 - Ban on RSS was lifted

2015
Sanskrit News
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2016

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Friday, May 27, 2016

27 May - Day in History of India and Importance



1964 - Death of Jawaharlal Nehru


Source: https://twitter.com/KnowledgeMagIND/status/736166916943814658

1857 - Nana Sahib was captured at Kanpur.

1952 - United Nationalist Party and the Indian Democratic party combined to form National Democratic Party under the leadership of S.P. Mukherjee.

1957 - Copyright act was passed.

1964 - Death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Gulzarilal Nanda became acting Prime Minister.

1996 - Atal Behari Vajpayee seeks vote of confidence for his 12 Day Ministry.

1999 - Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) was formed by Sharad Pawar.





Birthdays


Nitin Gadkari

Ravi Shastri

Shantanu Narayen,


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Updated 27 May 2016,  10 May 2014

Monday, May 16, 2016

16 May - Day in History of India and Importance


2016
#NamoVijayDiwas  hashtag trended onTwitter.
https://twitter.com/hashtag/NamoVijayDiwas


2014

Counting of Votes of 16th Lok Sabha Elections

Visit for Latest  Results   - India 2014 Lok Sabha Election Results






1932 - Hundred die in fighting between muslims and hindus in Bombay

1946 - Cabinet Mission consisting of   three British Cabinet Ministers, Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and Mr. A. V. Alexander, offered a their plan for India in their statement of May 16,1946.
http://www.mkgandhi.org/biography/cabinetm.htm



1975 Sikkim became 22nd state of India

1996 - Atal Behari Vajpayee became 10th Prime Minister of India



2014 - Counting of Votes of 16th Lok Sabha Elections

Birthdays


1926 Manik Varma Singer

Swami Muktananda

K. Natwar Singh

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May - Day in India History

http://www.indianage.com/0516.html

Sunday, March 27, 2016

27 March - Day in History of India and Importance



1552 - Sikh Guru Angad Dev passed away.
1668 - British king transferred Bombay to East India Company.
1942 - Gandhiji met Sir Stafford Cripps

1977 - National Emergency revoked. N. Sanjiva Reddy elected speaker of Lok Sabha.
1989 - T.N. Seshan appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India.

Watch T.N. Seshan talking to Fresh MBA students

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SIBM Bengaluru


2015 - President of India Confers Bharat Ratna on Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

                           Picture source: http://pib.nic.in/photo//2015/Mar/l2015032763618.jpg

The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee conferred the Bharat Ratna on Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee this evening (March 27, 2015) in New Delhi. In a special gesture, the President conferred the Award in a ceremony held at the residence of Shri Vajpayee.

Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India; Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi; former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam; former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh; Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh; senior members of the Cabinet; several Chief Ministers; leaders of political parties; members of Shri Vajpayee’s family and other dignitaries were present on the occasion.

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx
(Release ID :117782)






Birthdays

Oscar Fernandez

An Interview with Oscar Fernandes 2013
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Rajyasabha TV


http://www.indianage.com/0327.html

Saturday, March 26, 2016

Shivaji - The Builder of Indian Nationalist State

Shivaji is the first or second Hindu Emperor after Muhammedan rule started in India. Vijayanagar kings may be taken as the first. The Marathas became a leading force in India subsequent to Shivaji till their defeat in Third Battle of Panipat.



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The Family

Shivaji's grandfather  Maloji Bhonsle, was a soldier. He was in the service of the Bahamani king of Ahmednagar. In 1594, Maloji's son Shahaji, was born. Shahaji married Jijabai, the daughter of a Hindu landowner and a  court noble Lakhoji. Shahaji also served the king of Ahmednagar. In 1636, the kingdom collapsed and Shahahi entered armies of Bijapur. Emperor at Delhi, Shah Jahan had taken Ahmednagar and pressed southward to attack Bijapur. Shahaji's lands were in the path of advancing Mughal army. Shahaji retreated to Bijapur with a baby son with name Sambhaji, but Jijabai was left behind and she was pregnant.

Birth and Childhood of Shivaji

Jijabai took refuge in Shivner, a fort on hills. It was in a wild place and some faithful followers were with her in the fort. At this fort, on February 19, 1630 at 6.10 pm (Krishna Paksha Tritiya of Phalguna, third day of new moon fortnight), Jijabai gave birth to her second son. The boy was named Shivaji. Mughals were searching for Jijabai. Shivaji's childhood was full of alarm. When Shivaji was six years old, Mughals found out their place and came to capture them. Shivaji escaped but Mughals captured Jijabai.

Devoted servants carried him away and took care of him. When Shivaji was ten years old his mother escaped from the Mughal captivity and joined her son in the hills. The war between Bijapur and Mughals was in the last phases and Mughals did not pursue her. Both mother and son lived in the hills. Jijabai told Shivaji stories from Ramayan and Mahabharat and Shivaji learned the glory of ancient kings of India and of Hindu Religion through her stories.

The war came to an end with truce between Mughals and Bijapur king. In 1637, a treaty was signed. The border between Bijapur and the Mughal empire was drawn and Shahaji's lands were at the borders of Bijapur. Once peace returned, Shahaji could bring back his wife and son to Bijapur.

The ways and actions  of Shivaji troubled Shahaji, and Shahaji sent him back to his lands at the borders of Bijapur. Shivaji came to the lands of his father and stayed in its villages. Pune is an important village in these lands. Dadaji Kondadev was appointed as his tutor by his father, Shahaji. Under Dadaji's administration, Pune prospered as a village.

Shivaji - Acquisition of Forts

Shivaji attained 19 years of age and spent most of his time in moving about in the hilly areas of his father's lands. To the south-west of Pune was a small fort of Torna in mountain passes. It was a difficult place to stay in the rainy season. The commander of the fort left the fort in the rainy season of 1646 with his force and Shivaji occupied this fort. The commander was stunned and reported the matter to Bijapur authorities but Shivaji claimed himself to be a loyal person to king and said he was holding the fort for serving the king only. Shivaji built a fort on a hill called Raigad, which was six miles from Torna. He also occupied another fort, Kondana, which was at eleven miles south-west of Pune. One more fortress around Pune, Purandar was also occupied by Shivaji. But Shivaji was declaring his loyalty to the king of Bijapur all the time and was also promising extra taxes. Dadaji was not in agreement with Shivaji in these activities, but he fell ill in 1647 and breathed his last. During his last day, he blessed Shivaji and asked him to bring back Hinduism to its earlier glory.

Subsequent Important Events

Capture of Kalyan

To the east of Shivaji's occupied forts lies the coastal land. The capital of this province of Bijapur kingdom ws Kalyan. In the 1648, the governor of the province dispatched a special caravan to containing the year's revenue to the Bijapur King. Shivaji seized it and followed it with capture of Kalyan. He appointed a Maratha called Abaji as governor.

The governor went to Bijapur and complained. Shivaji's father Shahaji was put in prison and a letter was sent to Shivaji informing him that unless he surrendered at Bijapur, his father would be killed. Shivaji came out with a plan. He sent a messenger to Mughal viceroy of Central Province, Murad Baksh agreeing to become their subject and also offered all forts under his command to Mughals. Prince Murad Baksh liked the offer and wrote gracious letters to Shivaji and Shahaji and instructed Bijapur king to take care of Shahaji. Shivaji sent number of letters to Mughal emperor flattering him and expressing his devotion and loyalty.

Aurangzeb and Shivaji

Aurangzeb replaced Murad Baksh as viceroy of Central Province. In February 1657, Aurangzeb marched towards Bijapur to attack it. Shivaji allowed them to pass through his territory as he declared loyalty to Mughal emperor.  But after Mughal army went ahead, Shivaji went and attacked Ahmednagar and captured its treasury and military resources. He still pleaded loyalty with Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb was angry but he had to even call off seize of Bijapur and rush to Delhi as Shah Jehan had fallen ill.

Killing of Afzal Khan, sent  by Bijapur to capture Shivaji

In 1659, Bijapur king sent Afzul Khan to capture Shivaji. Afzul Khan agreed to meet Shivaji in private and in the scuffle Shivaji killed Afzul Khan and defeated the army that came with him.

Shivaji Maharaj - Full Animated Hindi Film
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Kids Plant

Bijapur sent a much bigger army nder Sidi Johar, but Shivaji could not be defeated. In 1662, there were peace talks and Shivaji was recognized as an independent ruler. Shivaji's father Shahaji represented Bijpaur during these talks and father and son met again after a long time. Shahahi went back to Bijapur. Shivaji was recognized as a ruler.

Fighting with Shayista Khan, sent by Aurangzeb

In 1663, Auranzeb sent Shayista Khan with an army to attack Shivaji to revenge Shivaji's attack on Ahmednagar. Shayista Khan attacked Pune and Shivaji vacated Pune. Pune was occupied and due to onset of monsoon, there were no fights. But Shivaji made a surprise attack in night on Shayista Khan when he was sleeping and in that fight Khan lost his thumb. Shayista Khan returned back as an unsuccesful general and he was demoted in rank. On January 5th 1664 Shivaji reached Surat to revenge the attack of Shayista Khan. Marathas plundered Surat and went back to their place with the booty before the Moghul army could come to Surat.


Chhatrapati Shivaji - Veer Maratha - Marathi Film
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Cinecurry Classics 

Escape from the house arrest by Auranzeb from Agra

Aurangzeb was outraged with the attack on Surat. He appointed Raja Jai Singh as the commander of moghul military of the  south.  Jaisingh assembled 14000 horsemen, a strong infantry under an Afghan called Dilir Khan. In 1665 Jai Singh reached Poona or Pune. He attacked the fort at Purandar and captured number of Maratha soldiers. He kept Dilir Khan there to complete the conquest and proceeded to Raigad fort where Shivaji's family was there and surrounded it. Shivaji wanted peace and total surrender was put as a condition before him. Shivaji agreed and then he was summoned to durbar of Auranzeb. Jai Singh offered to send his son Ram Singh as a support to Shivaji at durbar and Shivaji went to Agra with his son.

In May 1666, Shivaji reached Agra. In the court, Shivaji was asked sit among the lower nobles. Shivaji protested. Emperor looked angrily at him, but Shivaji went on protesting. When they came back to Ram Singh's residence, soldiers surrounded their building. Aurangzeb told Ram Singh that he was the jailor of Shivaji and he would be punished if there was an untoward incident. After somedays, Shivaji thought of a plan and started showing pleasant and cheerful behaviour. Shivaji asked the permission of emperor to bring his mother and wife to Agra. Shivaji also wrote a letter to emperor stating that he had no need of soldiers who cam with him to Agra and with the permission of Aurangzeb, he sent his soldiers home. He was following the customs of court officials and sending and receiving gifts. Once he complained of stomach problems and took all the medicines suggested by court doctors. He asked permission to buy two horses and send them as a gift to Lord Krishna at Mathura to appease the God to make him well. Some servants went out on that mission.

On August 19, Shivaji declared that he felt better and wanted to distribute fruits to his friends in the court. So the baskets of fruits were bought and brought into the place where Shivaji was staying. Then the baskets went outside for giving the various portions to various nobles. After sometime, the guards found Shivaji lying on his bed and resumed their routine activities. But the person lying in the bed was not Shivaji but one of his officers. After sometime, the officer came out in his normal dress out of the building and went outside.
Shivaji and his son escaped in the fruit baskets. They met their servants who bought the horses and kept ready for them to go forward. They travelled first towards Bengal and from there they reached their fort finally after some months.

Jai Singh was called back and Jaswant Singh was sent in his place. A treaty was signed between Shivaji and the Mughal empire under which Shivaji got all his forts back except Kondana and Purandar. Bijapur also signed a peace treaty with Shivaji.


Shivaji Maharaj - Full Animated Movie - English
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Fountain World

Coronation as Emperor on 6th June 1674

Shivaji's mother one day saw and Kondana and expressed the desire that it has to be brought back into the fold of Marathas. Tanaji Malusure, attacked the fort and captured it but he lost his life in that attempt. The fort was renamed Sinhgad by Shivaji in honour of Tanaji Malusure.

Suryaji, brother of Tanaji attacked Purandar and got it back. Shivaji attacked Surat once again. The mughal army was not able to engage Shivaji any more. Shivaji went toward Golconda in the south. Sultan of Golconda agreed to make peace and make a payment. With a large area around Poona under his control, Shivaji expressed his desire to become coronated as an emperor in the way Hindu emperors were crowned earlier. On 6th June, 1674 Shivaji was crowned as the Emperor.
He was called Chatrapathi Shivaji.

Victories over Carnatic and Mysore

In 1674, Shivaji's mother Jijabai died. Shivaji fell serious ill in 1676. At the beginning, 1677, Shivaji went southwards. After signing the treaty with Golconda, Shivaji crossed Krishna river and captured many forts including Jinji. He captured Mysore and Tanjore and returned to his capital

Death of Sivaji: 3rd April, 1680.

In March 1680, a painful swelling on his knee made walking difficult for Shivaji. On April 3rd, he breathed his last and became a person who lived in the hearts of millions of Indians and Marathi people.

Issues Under Discussion Regarding Shivaji's Life Events

Date of birth: Research is still going on to establsh Shivaji's birth date as alternative dates were proposed.
http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2003-02-04/pune/27278977_1_shiv-jayanti-shiv-sena-mandals

Day of fight between Shivaji and Afzal Khan: One source says it was 10th November 1659. http://www.marathamandir.net/ShivajiSpecial_Pratapgad.htm. There were other dates in other sources.


Web Sites

Places Connected with Shivaji

Books

Shivaji, Jaicos' Great Indian Lives Series, Jaico Publishing House,  Mumbai,1997
The Marathas 1600-1818, Part 2, Volume 4 By Stewart Gordon

Related Knols

Interesing Web Pages Related to Muslim Rule in India

FROM MONGOLS TO MUGHALS: RELIGIOUS VIOLENCE IN INDIA  9TH-18TH CENTURIES

original Knol Post Knol Number 1964

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Comments on Knol


Visit to Sinhgad 17-1-2010
Visited Sinhgad in 17th January 2010 as a part of visit of Pune (BEL Visit). Took some pictures.
(By Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.)



Founders of Vijaya Nagar Empire, Shivaji and Mahatma Gandhi

India suffered foreign attacks and foreign rule for considerable period. Every country suffered such fate at one time or other in history. In the nationalist revival the kings of Vijaya Nagar, Shivaji and Mahatma Gandhi were successful and were given the status of national heroes. Shivaji is like a deity to Marathi people or people of the present state of Maharashtra as well as for many other people living in various other states. Every year,his birth day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and his exploits are recounted.
(by Narayana Rao K.V.S.S.  22 November 2009)

Updated  26 Mar 2016, 19 Feb 2015, 10 March 2012