Wednesday, April 8, 2015

8 April - Day in History of India and Importance

563 - Buddha's birthday (Celebrated in Japan, Taiwan, Korea)

1674 - Chatrapathi Shivaji appointed Hansaji Mohite as Chief  General of his army.

1857 - Death of Mangal Pandey, the sepoy who revolted against British rule, in 1857 Indian war of independence.

The Times of India News item in paper dated 9 April : The Mutiny at Barrackpore: " At 2 o"clcok on Sunday last, a sepoy shot at Lt. Baugh The shot missed the man it was intended but struck his horse, severely wounding the animal. The sepoy then tried to shoot himself..."

The Times of India News item in paper dated 10 April: The Day "Mungloo Panray Rose" "...The man, Mungloo Panray, is a high caste Brahmin..."

1894 - Death of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

1929 - Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in Central Legislative Assembly


1894 - Swami Chandra Sekhar Saraswati of Kanchi Kamokoti Peetham

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

7 April - Day in History of India and Importance

World Health Day

1929 - Air service to Karachi from London started.

2014 - 15 Lok Sabha Election 1st phase voting


1920 - Birthday of  world famous sitar player Pandit Ravishankar. He died this year on 11 December 2012.
1942 - Jeetendra

6 April - Day in History of India and Importance

Anniversary Dandi Satyagraha
Foundation Day of BJP

1664 - Harikishan Singh, Sikh Guru died.

1919 - Start of Anti-Rowlatt act Satyagraha by Gandhiji

1930 - Mahatma Gandhiji started satyagraha at Dandi after a long march, 'Salt Sathyagraha' by taking a handful of salt at 8.30 am.

1968 - PM Indira Gandhi, inaugurated construction of Bokaro Steel Plant.

1980 - BJP was formed.

1993 - Divya Bharati, a promising actress died due to fall from window of an apartment.

2015 - State of the art Scorpene submarine which has superior stealth and has precision guided weapons was undocked on 6 April 2015 by Defence Minister Manohar Parikkar at Mazagon Dock Limited.  MDL has to make five more of these submarines.


1906 - K.B. Karve
1956 - D.B. Vengsarkar

Updated  9 July 2017

Sunday, April 5, 2015

5 April - Day in History of India and Importance

National Maritime day
Samata Divas

1663 - Shivaji attacked Shahista Khan
1919 - First Indian Flag Merchant Vessel S.S. Loyalty sailed from Mumbai to London
1930 - Mahatma Gandhi reached Dandi.
1949 - Indian Boy Scount and Girl Guide were established.
1957 - Communist party government was installed in Kerala State.
1961 - IDPL was established in Delhi.
1964 - National Maritime Day celebrated for the first time to  commemorate the first journey of the First Indian Flag Merchant Vessel S.S. Loyalty which sailed from Mumbai to London on 5 April 1919.

1987 - Centenary of Bombay Fire Brigade was celebrated.


1908 - Babu Jagjivan Ram

1 April - Day in History of India and Importance

April - Day in India History - Schedule

Airforce Day
Orissa Day (Utkal Dibase)

1869 - Income tax was imposed in India.

1878 - Calcutta Museum was opened for public.

1882 - Postal savings bank system started.

1889 - Hindu became a daily.

1914 - Telugu daily Andhra Patrika was started from Madras by Kasinadhuni Nageswara Rao

1930 - Minimum age for girls was fixed as 15 and for boys it was 18.

1933 - Indian Air Force was started.

1935 - RBI was established.

1936 - Orissa Province was started by British India Governments.

1963 - Home Ministry of India gave a resolution giving the name Central Bureau of Investigation to Delhi Special Police Establishment which was established to probe corruption cases against Central Government employees.

1969 - First atomic reactor was started at Tarapore.

1976 - Doordarshan Corporation was established.

1978 - Sixth Five year plan put into implementation.

1995 - AAI was established.

2015 - The expanded capacity of Rourkela Steel Plant inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi. The capacity was increased by 2.5 million tons to 4.5 million tons per year.


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi addressing at the dedication ceremony of the Rourkela Steel Plant to the Nation, in Odisha on April 01, 2015. The Chief Minister of Odisha, Shri Naveen Patnaik, the Union Minister for Tribal Affairs, Shri Jual Oram and the Minister of State for Mines and Steel, Shri Vishnu Deo Sai are also seen.

Birthdays  1 April

1621 - Guru Teg Bahadur Singh

Guru Tegh Bahadur was the son of the  Sixth guru, Guru Hargobind.  The Sixth guru, Guru Hargobind had one daughter Bibi Viro and five sons: Baba Gurditta, Suraj Mal, Ani Rai, Atal Rai and Tyaga Mal. Tyaga Mal was born in Amritsar in the early hours of 1 April 1621. He came to be known by the name Tegh Bahadur (Mighty Of The Sword), given to him by Guru Hargobind after he had shown his valour in a battle against the Mughals.

Picture Source:

1889 - Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar - Founder RSS - Striving for Unity in Diversity of Hindus

Dr. Keshav Baliram Hegdewar strongly believed that the Hindu Society, due to its internal caste, region and language differences as well as differences in the modes of worship; suffered untold losses and has been enslaved under foreign rule for over a millennium. In an attempt to substantiate and propagate his belief, he established the Rastriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in 1925 for the unity of the Hindus, and strived for its expansion.


April - Day in India History - Schedule

5 April 1919 - Maiden Voyage of Indian Swadeshi Ship S.S. Loyalty from Bombay to London

On April 5, 1919, the first ship under a Swadeshi flag sailed from Bombay to London and  Indian merchant shipping was born in post British days. The Indian merchant marine industry has since grown phenomenally.

On this day in 1919, Steam Ship (SS) Loyalty, the first ship of the Scindia Steam Navigation Company Limited, journeyed to the United Kingdom from Bombay under a Swadeshi flag, heralding the entry of India into shipping. The National Maritime Day to commemorate the occasion was first celebrated in 1964 and since then, this has been an annual event for Indian mariners.

The credit for setting sail the first ship under an Indian flag - that of the Scindia company - goes to Walchand Hirachand Doshi an industrialist from Maharashtra. Over  60 years several Indian entrepreneurs tried to establish shipping companies but failed. As per details in an 'Old Account' by Gita Piramal, 102 Indian shipping companies registered between 1860 and 1925 went into liquidation making a voyage.

Walchand heard of the Maharaja of Scindia having put up the vessel SS Loyalty for sale. Walchand, inspected the ship, made a quick decision to buy the ship at the asking price of Rs 25 lakh and reached out to his Swadeshi friends Norattom Morarjee, Lallubhai Samaldas and Kilachand Devchand, and floated the idea to form a shipping company. The Scindia Steam Navigation Company was incorporated and listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange on March 27, 1919.

SS Loyalty  was launched in 1890 by Lady Louise Edgerton and christened as the RMS Empress of India. It became a part of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and for 23 years it plied between North Pacific ports and the Far East. On December 20, 1914, it was reported that  the Empress of India had been sold and Maharaja of Gwalior had purchased the vessel and converted her into a hospital ship as his contribution to the war effort. In 1915, the Empress of India, a 5905 gross tonne, twin-funnel clipper bow ship was re-fitted to serve as a hospital ship for Indian troops and renamed, Loyalty.  In 1919, the ship accommodated 700 passengers and cargo. The ship was finally scrapped in 1923 for a price of just Rs 1.35 lakh.

SS Loyalty's Inaugural Journey

Her first passage under an Indian flag was fully booked initially, but cancellations were heavy subsequently due to pressure from the British shippers on agents and passengers. Despite that the ship sailed. Amongst the passengers sailing on this maiden voyage were the Maharaja of Kapurthala along with his wife and the Maharaja of Kashmir. It made a safe successful passage to London. The Indian venture succeeded. The vessel was set to sail from London back to Mumbai after refitting. But  the British shipper forced all shipping agents not to book any carriage on this ship. So the ship sailed back to Bombay in ballast, empty, with heavy financial loss. But, Indian shipping industry was reborn.

The path started by the ship  led to the establishment of the Shipping Corporation of India. The significant companies created in Indian shipping were the India Great Eastern, and Jayanti shipping.y SCI.

Despite an early start, Indian Shipping has not progressed adequately.
Today shipping can draw a parallel with the IT industry in the country. The Indian IT software power and knowledge industry is recognised worldwide but it is heavily lagging in hardware. In the shipping industry's fate is much the same. The Indian trained manpower rules in all sectors of the shipping industry world-wide, but ships under the Indian flag are not many.  The Indian government and business should come together to grow Indian ships.

We can learn from China. Over the last decade, Chinese ships and manpower have developed hand-in hand in quantum leaps unmatched by any other country, backed by required infrastructure with government support. A second role model to follow is that of Norway, which at one stage to avoid losing tonnage under its national flag, opted to float a second registry under its flag in the form of NIS, giving special incentives for their entrepreneurs to keep vessels under the national flag. On similar lines India could offer special incentives and tax breaks to increase ships under the Indian flag by private sector participation.   If the government initiates now,  then a decade from now the pulsating effect of the dynamics of finance and shipping moving the economy will be felt.

Based on an article on 6 April 2012, by Capt K.S. Sujlana in Tribute India. The writer,  is with the merchant navy for the past 44 years and has been a captain since 1978

Friday, April 3, 2015

3 April - Day in History of India and Importance

1670 - Tanaji Malusure, died in the attack on Sinhgad Fort.

1680 - Chatrapati Shivaji passed away.

1857 - Queen Victoria became Queen of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru became Prime Minister of India in 3rd Lok Sabha



1966 - First Indian made computer commissioned in Jadavpur University.
1984 - First Indian cosmonaut, Rakesh Sharma, flied to space, in Soviet space shuttle
1999 - INSAT 2E was launched.

1903 - Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay
1914 - Field Marshal Sam Maneckshaw
1962 - Jayaprada