Sunday, August 31, 2014

2 August - Day in History of India and Importance

1987 Viswanathan Anand became the first Asian to win the World Junior Chess Championship.





1861 - Prafulla Chandra Ray
1876 - Pingali Venkaiah
1880 - Bellary Raghava
1949 - Govind Prasad Mishra - 2009 Lok Sabha Member



31 August - Day in History of India and Importance

1751 - British troops under Robert Clive occupied Arcot, India
ref: Charles McFarlane, Our Empire in India.

1928 - Nehru report published in India; demands dominion status in British Empire.

1930 SGPC demanded that Congress flag must have Sikh colour.

1979 M. Hidayatullah, consensus choice of political parties, appointed as Vice-President of India (1979 - 1984).

1993 - Pranab Mukherjee rejoined the Union cabinet as Commerce Minister.

1995 Beant Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab was killed in a powerful bomb blast. A dozen security personnel were killed and 30 others injured

1997 - Lok Sabha sat for about 22 hours for a special golden jubilee session debating issues of national importance.


1919 - Amrita Pritam, Punjabi poet, novelist and Gyanpeeth award winner .
1925 - Raut Benudhar, great poet and Hindi writer.  was born at Kenojhar in Orissa.
1962 - Dr. M.M. Pallam Raju - 2009 Lok Sabha Member
1969 - Javagal Srinath, cricketer (Indian right-arm pace bowler since 1991). Was born in Mysore.

Friday, August 29, 2014

29 August - Day in History of India and Importance

National Sports Day - Birthday of Dhyan Chand - Hockey Player
Blog post of Narendra Modi for 2013

1947 - Constituent Assembly of India set up constitution drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Ambedkar

1905 Dhyan Chand - Famous Hockey Player of India

Monday, August 25, 2014

28 August - Day in History of India and Importance

Jnana Pith Award Winner,  noted  Urdu poet Raghupati Sahay was born in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. Firaq Gorakhpuri was the pen name of Raghupati Sahay.

On 28 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution for India. This committee was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar along with several other members

Akali Conference Baba Bakala demands the formation of Punjabi Suba.

General House of the Akali Dal approved the 1973 Anandpur Sahib's resolution.

Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana will be inaugurated.


1928 - Ambica Banerjee - 2009 Lok Sabha Member - AITC - Howrah

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

14 August - Day in History of India and Importance

1947 - Late in the evening constituent assembly of India met in constitution hall. At the stroke of midnight, it became legislative assembly of India.




1774 - Raja Ram Mohan Roy

12 August - Day in History of India and Importance

1602 - Abul Fazal, Akbar's minister was killed on the instructions of Jehangir

1765 - 1765: In India, Robert Clive signs a treaty by which Great-Britain will have the monopoly of the collection of tax in Bengal, Orissa and Bihar

1919 - Birth of Vikram Sarabhai
1946 - Viceroy announces invitation to Congress to form Provisional government
1988 S.R. Bommai elected Karnataka CM
2012 -Sushil Kumar won the Silver medal in 66 Kg Freestyle Wrestling

Final bout


Semi-final bout





Monday, August 4, 2014

9 June - Day in History of India and Importance

1659 - Dara Shikoh was handed over to Aurangjeb's Army by Jiwan Khan

Lal Bahadur Shastry became PM of India.

2000 - Index Futures trading started on Bombay Stock Exchange (I am a witness to it. Employed in stock broking company)

Brahmos missile successfully test fired from indigenously built INS Kolkata.



Sunday, August 3, 2014

Pingali Venkayya - Freedom Fighter - Designer of Indian Flag

Indian Flag flying high on Independence Day
2013 PM's address on Independence Day
Picture source:

Date of Birth 2 August 1876

Pingali Venkaiah was born at Bhatlapenumarru, Krishna district, near  Machilipatnam of Andhra Pradesh. He belonged to a Telugu Brahmin family. After finishing his primary education at Challapalli and school at the Hindu High School, Masulipatnam(now, Machilipatnam), he went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge.

At the age of 19, he served in the British Indian army during the Anglo-Boer wars in South Africa. It was there he came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi and was influenced by his ideology.

Subsequently, he worked as a railway guard at Bangalore and Madras and subsequently joined the government service as the plague officer at Bellary before moving to Lahore, where he enrolled in the Anglo-Vedic college to study Urdu and Japanese.

During his five years stay in the north, he became active in politics. Pingali met many revolutionaries and helped plan to overthrow colonial rule. The 1906 Congress session with Dadabhai Naoroji allowed Pingali to emerge as an activist and a force behind the decision-making committee. Here he met the famous philanthropist, the Raja of Munagala, and from 1906–11, he spent his time in Munagala researching agriculture and crops. For his pioneering study on Cambodian cotton, he came to be called Patti Venkayya. Even the British were impressed by his contributions to agriculture and conferred on him honorary membership of the Royal Agricultural Society of Britain.

He also learned Geology and became  an authority on diamond mining, leading to his popular nickname of "Diamond Venkayya" also.

He returned to his roots at Masulipatnam and focused on developing the National School (at Masulipatnam), where he taught basic military training, horse riding, history and knowledge of agriculture, soil, crops and agriculture's relation to nature. In 1914, he turned his agricultural land into an estate and named it Swetchapuram.

During the National conference of the Indian National Congress at Kakinada, Venkayya suggested that India should have a national flag. Gandhi liked this proposal. He suggested that Venkayya came up with a design. During the National conference at Vijayawada, Venkayya proposed a flag with an Ashoka Chakra at the middle. Gandhi liked the result, and the design was later adopted as the National Flag of India.  The flags antecedents can be traced back to the Vande Mataram movement. Pingali's flag was made of red and green, representing the country's two major communities. The Indian flag was not officially accepted by the All India Congress Committee. However, Gandhi's approval made it popular and it was hoisted at all Congress sessions. Hansraj of Jallandar suggested the representation of the charkha, symbolising progress and the common man. Gandhi insisted on a white strip to represent India's remaining minority communities. A consensus was not reached until 1931. The colour choices produced controversy as communal tension broke over its interpretation. The final resolution passed when the AICC met at Karachi in 1931. The flag was interpreted as saffron for courage, white for truth and peace, and green for faith and prosperity. The dharma chakhra which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath at the capital of Emperor Ashoka was adopted in place of spindle and string as the emblem on the national flag.

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan proposed that saffron denote renunciation or disinterestedness of political leaders towards material gains in life, that white depict enlightenment, lighting the path of truth to guide our conduct and that green symbolise our relation to the soil, to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka wheel in the centre of the white strip represented the law of dharma.

Speaking philosophically, he remarked that the national flag ought to control the principles of all those who worked under it. The wheel denoted motion and India should no more resist change as there was death produced only stagnation.

Pingali Venkayya died on 4 July 1963 in Vijayawada.

Government of Andhra Pradesh recommened Bharat Ratna to him in 2012


Facebook page on him

CBSE is now doing an essay writing competition on Pingali Venkayya (Year 2014)