Friday, December 28, 2012

Chronology of Resistance and Rebellion Against East India Company and British Rule






http://www.rebelsindia.com/ViewArticle.aspx?ai=471 has a good chronology. It starts from 1757 Battle of Plassey. But we can extend it to back further as East India Company did face resistance in other places like Madras and Bombay areas. Robert Clive travelled to Calcutta from Madras only.

India History 2012 - Important Events





January

2 Jan
Government allowed qualified foreign investors to invest directly in stock market.
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/government-allows-foreign-citizens-to-invest-in-stock-market/1/166779.html


May

15 May

A. Raja was granted bail 15 months after he was arrested
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/a-raja-walks-out-of-tihar-jail/1/188888.html

June

1 June Ranvir Sena Chief shot dead
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/ranvir-sena-chief-brahmeshwar-singh-shot-dead-in-bihar/1/198496.html

August

8 Aug
Mary Kom settles for Bronze in Women's Boxing
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/london-2012-olympics-mary-kom-semifinal-live-blog/1/212359.html


November

Death of Yash Chopra - Producer and Director of many romantic movies
Death of Balasaheb Thackeray - Shiv Sena Supremo, Maharashtra

December
7 Dec
Rajya Sabha approved Foreign Direct Investment in Multibrand Retail
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/rajya-sabha-upa-government-wins-fdi-vote-bsp-sp-opposition/1/236553.html

20  Dec
Counting in Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh Elections
BJP won in Gujarat
Congress won in Himachal Pradesh


http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/7-12-2012/online.html

2012 - History and Events of Various States of India

 - Arunachal Pradesh -
- Madhya Pradesh - Mizoram -  Odisha -
- Tamilnadu -
- West Bengal -


http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-yearend-2012-in-photos-the-most-incredible-moments-of-2012/20121218.htm

http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-yearend-2012-part-three-most-incredible-photos-of-2012/20121224.htm

http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-part-2-in-photos-the-most-incredible-moments-of-2012/20121214.htm


Wednesday, December 26, 2012

4 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1988
Lok dal split. H.N. Bahuguna was expelled. Devi Lal elected leader.

http://www.indianage.com/1104.html

28 October - Day in History of India and Importance



1888
Gandhi reached London for studies.

1997
Cabinet gave permission to RBI to print rs. 1000 notes.

27 October - Day in History of India and Importance



1794 - Zamindar of Benares, Mahipnarain agrees to transfer the justice function to East India Company. Benares then became fifth division of Bengal Presidency

1947
Indian government accepts accession of Kashmir and sends troops.

Birthdays

1907 Bhagat Singh

Anuradha Paudwal, Irfan Pathan, K.R. Narayanan, Dibyendu Barua,


27 August - Day in History of India and Importance



2009
Judges at the Supreme Court of India agree to make their assets public

25 August - Day in History of India and Importance



1965
Indian troops cross Kashmir ceasefire line to attack infiltrators

19 August - Day in History of India and Importance



1994 - Rupee made fully convertible on current account



2016

PV Sindhu wins silver medal for India in Badminton at Rio Olympics
__________________

__________________

Journey of PV Singhu in Rio Olympics
__________________

__________________

18 August - Day in History of India and Importance



1800 - Fort William College was established in Calcutta


2016

Sakshi Malik won Bronze Medal in Olympics
__________________

__________________

17 August - Day in History of India and Importance



1972? check the year - Ajit Singh broke away from Janata Dal with 20 MPs



2016

________________

________________

5 August - Day in History of India and Importance



1975 - RSS banned


2016

Shri Viyay Rupani will be the new CM of Gujarat
______________


______________




http://www.indianage.com/0805.html

28 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1972
Signing of Simla pact - India and Pakistan

1991
July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP


2016

___________________


___________________




____________________



____________________

27 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1941
Japanese forces land in Indo-China


1991
July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP

2016

Allegations against Mayawati
__________________

__________________




__________________


__________________

17 July - Day in History of India and Importance





1893 - Lokmanya Tilak arrested for 18 months



2016

___________________


___________________




____________________


____________________

13 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1974 - Cricket - India played first one-day international against England - Headingley



2016


_________________

_________________




_________________


_________________


9 July - Day in History of India and Importance



1951 - India's first five year plan published


2015

The former President of India, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam launching the Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, at a function, in New Delhi on July 09, 2015.

http://pibphoto.nic.in/photo//2015/Jul/l2015070967436.jpg


2016

Great welcome to PM Modi in Johannesberg, South Africa
_____________________

_____________________

9 July Bollywood - Hindi YouTube Video Theater

______________________

______________________

http://www.indianage.com/0709.html

13 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1290
Khalji dynasty started in Delhi


________________

________________

http://www.indianage.com/0613.html

11 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1984
574 Sikh army deserters arrested


______________

______________

http://www.indianage.com/0611.html


10 May 2017

19 May - Day in History of India and Importance


1904 - J.N. Tata, the great business man and industrialist of India passed away.
1954 - Government of India constituted a National Film Board
1969 - Cyclone hit Andhra Pradesh - I was also a victim of this cyclone. The tiles of roof blew away. Water fell in the house. Trees fell in the compound.
1971 - Indian Navy's first submarine station started at Veerabahu in Visakhapatnam.
1991 - First phase of Polling of 10 Lok Sabha



Birthdays

1824 - Nana Saheb Peshwa (1857 Indian War of Independence against British leader)

1913 - Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy

Ruskin Bond (1934),

Girish Karnad,

Nathuram Godse (1910)


___________________

___________________

http://www.indianage.com/0519.html

20 March - Day in History of India and Importance




1973
Birthday Arjun Singh Atwal - Professional Golf player

http://www.indianage.com/0320.html

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

4 June - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1968 Janardana Swamy - 2009 Lok Sabha Member



_______________

_______________

12 June - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1957 - Narendrasingh Tomar - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


1975 Election of Indira Gandhi was set aside by Allahabad court

1996 H.D. Devegowda won the vote of confidence as Prime Minister of India

1997 Sitaram Kesri was elected as President of Congress-I

2000 Index futures trading in S&P CNX Nifty futures started.


____________

____________

http://www.indianage.com/0612.html

10 July - Day in History of India and Importance


1963 - Foundation day of Bharat Vikas Parishad. It became a registered society on the day and held its first meeting.

2016
____________________

____________________

Birthdays

1951- Rajnath Singh - Home Minister - Narendra Modi Cabinet 2014
2009 Lok Sabha Member


___________________

___________________

20 July - Day in History of India and Importance



2016
__________________

_________________

Birthdays

1947 - Harin Pathak - 2009 Lok Sabha Member



_________________

__________________

17 March - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1981 - Dr. Nilesh Narayan Rane -  2009 Lok Sabha Member

http://www.indianage.com/0317.html

16 March - Day in History of India and Importance




2016

ABP Nielsen Opinion Poll on Uttar Pradesh
BSP will get majority
__________________

__________________



Birthdays
1955 Chandrakant Raghunath Patil 2009 Lok Sabha Member

http://www.indianage.com/0316.html

16 August - Day in History of India and Importance





1765 - The treaty of Allahabad was  signed on the 16th August, 1765. The English resored to Shuja-ud-daula all his dominions with the exception of Chunar (which was retained by the English)
and the districts of Kora and Allahabad (which were given to Emperor Shah Alam II).

2016

_________________

_________________

Birthdays
1973 - Raghavendra Yeddyurappa - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

22 August - Day in History of India and Importance


Dosa Day
http://www.eventbrite.com/e/spices-and-seasons-dosa-day-brunch-and-cooking-demo-tickets-17848747083


Birthdays
1970 - Madhusudhan Yadav - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

24 August - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1952 - Sajjan Singh Verma - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

30 August - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1954 - T.K.S. Elangovan  - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

10 September - Day in History of India and Importance




1965
Battle of Chawinda - Big tank fight between India and Pakistan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chawinda

Battle of Phillora
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Phillora

Birthdays

1928 Chilukuri Subrahmanya Sastry - Professor, Telugu, Andhra University and RSS Sangha Sanchalak, Andhra and Orissa. Death: 15 May 2009
http://www.hindu.com/2009/05/16/stories/2009051655050400.htm
http://organiser.org/archives/historic/dynamic/modulesce63.html?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=294&page=33

1942 Inder Singh Namdhari - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

16 September - Day in History of India and Importance


1965 - 1965 India - Pakistan War

Birthdays
1945 - P. Chidambaram - 2009 Lok Sabha Member - Home Minister, Finance Minister

19 September - Day in History of India and Importance




1965
Indian Gnats versus Pakistan's Sabres  - Sabres going down
1965 India - Pakistan War
http://in.rediff.com/news/2005/oct/26war.htm


Birthdays
1949 - Sisir Kumar Adhikari  - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

20 September - Day in History of India and Importance



1965 - 1965 India - Pakistan War


Birthdays
1944 - Annayyagari Sai Pratap - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

22 September - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1958 - Jitendra Singh Bundela - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

6 November - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1937 - Yashwant Sinha - 2009 Lok Sabha Member - BJP

http://www.indianage.com/1106.html

3 October - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1930 Ahmed Saeed Malihabadi 2012 Rajya Sabha Member

http://www.indianage.com/1003.html

5 July - Day in History of India and Importance





2015

Sanskrit News
_________________

_________________


2016

_________________

_________________

Birthdays

1952 - G.M. Siddeswara - 2009 Lok Sabha Member


5 July - Bollywood - Hindi Films - NRUTube Video Movie Theater


__________________

__________________

16 July - Day in History of India and Importance





2016

________________

________________


Birthdays

1975 - Dhananjay Singh - 2009 Lok Sabha Member



_________________

_________________

15 July - Day in History of India and Importance





2016

_______________

_______________


Birthdays

1960 - Smt. Deepa Dasmunshi -  2009 Lok Sabha Member




________________

________________

5 November - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthdays

1931 - Danapal Venugopal - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

26 August - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthdays

1950 - Dr. Charles Dias - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

18 September - Day in History of India and Importance



1965 - 1965 India - Pakistan War

Birthdays

 1941 - Arjun Charan Sethi 2009 Lok Sabha Member

24 October - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthdays

1974 - Anurag Thakur - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

10 August - Day in History of India and Importance




2016

________________

________________


Birthdays

1962 - Dr. Ajay Kumar -  2009 Lok Sabha Member

11 July - Day in History of India and Importance





2016
________________

________________


Birthdays

1942 -Basudeb Acharia - 2009 Lok Sabha Member



_________________


__________________

19 June - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthdays

1950 - Bishnu Pada Ray -  2009 Lok Sabha Member


________________

________________

14 June - Day in History of India and Importance


Birthdays

1954 - Dr. Bali Ram 2009 Lok Sabha Member

_______________

_______________

http://www.indianage.com/0614.html

Andhra History - Bibliography

23 August - Day in History of India and Importance





August 23, 1770 -  Raja Balwant Singh, Zamindar of Benares, expired


Birthdays

1872 Tanguturi Prakasham Pantulu, First Chief Minister, Andhra State

15 November - Day in History of India and Importance



Birthdays

1902 Gora - Goparaju Ramachandra Rao, Atheist, Andhra Pradesh. His father was known as Sambho. I stayed in the house known as Sambho's house in Kakinada.
http://www.positiveatheism.org/india/gora01.htm

21 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1940 - Death of Dr. Hedgewar, Founder RSS
http://www.golwalkarguruji.org/download/books/en/bhishikar/guruji-biography-bhishikar-book-v001.pdf

2016
_________________

_________________


_________________



__________________



Monday, December 24, 2012

21 March - Day in History of India and Importance




2009
Mohan Bhagwat became Sarsanghachalak of RSS

http://www.indianage.com/0321.html

18 June - Day in History of India and Importance




1931
Birthday of K.S.Sudarshan, RSS SarSanghachalak

________________

________________


http://www.indianage.com/0618.html

22 October - Day in History of India and Importance



1764
Battle of Buxar

16 October - Day in History of India and Importance




1756
Robert Clive and Admiral Watson started from Madras to Hooghly to recover Calcutta from Siraj-ud-Duala Nawab of Bengal.

20 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1756 - Robert Clive took up the government of Ford St. David, near Cuddalore.

Nabob or Nawab of Bengal took Calcutta from East India Company




___________________

___________________


http://www.indianage.com/0620.html

Up to 1000 A.D. Important Events in Indian History With Links to Content

Up to 1000 A.D. Important Events in Indian History With Links to Content

Up to 1000 A.D. Important Events in Indian History With Links to Content

Authors


-----------------------

  3000 - 2600 BC - Harappa Civilisation

  1200 - 500 BC - Vedic Era

  550 BC - Birth of Mahavira

  563 - 483 BC - Sidhartha Gautama, the Buddha

  327 BC - The Conquests of Alexander The Great

  325 BC - Alexander The Great, still goes on

  322 BC - Rise of the Mauryas, Chandragupta

  298 BC - Bindusara Coronated

  272 BC - Ashoka's Reign

  180 BC - Fall of the Mauryas & Rise of the Sungas

    30 BC - Rise of the Satvahana Dynasty

    50 AD - The Kushans and Kanishkas

  320 AD - Chandragupta I establishes the Gupta dynasty

  360 AD - Samudragupta conquers the North

  380 AD - Chandragupta II comes to power

  415 AD - Accession of Kumara Gupta I

  467 AD - Skanda Gupta assumes power

  892 AD - Rise of the Eastern Chalukyas

  985 AD - The Chola Dynasty

-----------------------

Source: INDIAN HISTORY

------------------------

Indian History - Internet Source Book  - Big Listing

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/india/indiasbook.html

------------------------


Comments

Short Urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/3487

Narayana Rao - 15 Jun 2011

Indian History - Full View Google Books

<

Indian History - Full View Google Books

Authors



India, ancient and modern:
geographical, historical, political, social, and religious : with a particular account of the state and prospects of Christianity
1856
http://books.google.com/books?id=DVkOAAAAQAAJ


Indian Sculpture: Circa 500 B.C.-A.D. 700
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Pratapaditya Pal
http://books.google.com/books?id=clUmKaWRFTkC


Our Indian empire: Its history and present state
Volume 1
1844
http://books.google.com/books?id=_poBAAAAQAAJ

, Volume 2
1852
http://books.google.com/books?id=de4-AAAAcAAJ

Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through The Ages The Heritage Of Rajputs (Set Of 5 Vols.)
http://books.google.com/books?id=gHNoU2zcDnIC

4 August - Day in History of India and Importance


1923
Nagpur University started working

1935
Government of India Act 1935 comes into force.

1997 Nilesh Kulkarni became the first Indian to take a wicket with first ball in Test cricket.

2016

_______________________


_______________________

Birth

1845 Pherozeshah Mehta
1929 Kishore Kumar

http://www.indianage.com/0804.html

13 September - Day in History of India and Importance



1929 - Death of Jatin Das after 64 days fast in Lahore Jail


1965 - India Pakistan War
1965 India - Pakistan War

16 June - Day in History of India and Importance



1925
Death of Chittaranjan Das

_______________

_______________

http://www.indianage.com/0616.html

Sunday, December 23, 2012

8 August - Day in History of India and Importance




2012
M.C. Mary Kom won Bronze medal in London Olympics in Women's boxing 51kg Fly category

____________

____________


Sitaram Kedilaya, RSS Pracharak, Akhila Bharat Seva Pramukh, Started Bharat Parikrama yatra on 9 August 2012.
http://samvada.org/2012/news/rss-launches-5years15000km-long-bharath-parikrama-yatra-from-kanyakumari/

2016

________________

________________

Birthdays


1905 Dhyanchand
1912 Prabhulal Bhatnagar

http://www.indianage.com/0808.html

Friday, December 21, 2012

23 दिसम्बर भारत का इतिहास



किसान दिवस
वैकुंठ एकादशी 

1912
ब्रिटिश वायारॉय के ऊपर बम फेका गया
1912 में वायारॉय हार्डिंज  पर बम फेका गया, इस हमले में वह  धायल हो गया|

मुख्या समाचार 

2002  -   2011



भारत के महत्‍वपूर्ण दिन


भारत का इतिहास - तिथि क्रम


23 December - History of India and Importance

22 दिसम्बर भारत का इतिहास




राष्ट्र गणित दिन 

1877
श्रीनिवास रामानुजम जानना तिथि 


22 December History of India and Importance - English


मुख्या समाचार 

2002 - 2003 - 2004  - 2005 - 2006

9 December - Day in History of India and Importance



1945
Birthday of Shatrughan Sinha

Dharamyudh (1988 film)
Shatrughan Sinha and Sunil Dutt
______________

______________

1946
The Constituent Assembly of India met for the first time in New Delhi


Birthdays

Birthday of Sonia Gandhi


http://www.indianage.com/1209.html

12 November - Day in History of India and Importance



1969
Indira Gandhi expelled from Congress for indiscipline. She was the prime minister.

21 दिसम्बर भारत का इतिहास




2012
News
___________

___________

20 दिसम्बर भारत का इतिहास







________________

________________

Thursday, December 20, 2012

15 September - Day in History of India and Importance


Engineer's Day



1965 - 1965 India - Pakistan War


Birthdays


Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya - Eminent Engineer and Administrator
1929 O.Rajagopal - Kerala BJP leader, Union Minister, MLA in Kerala (2016 Assembly Elections)

10 October - Day in History of India and Importance

Postal Day



Birthdays

1899
Shripad Amrit Dange - Communist Party of India

10 November - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays
1968 - Neeraj Sekhar - 2009 Lok Sabha Member

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

17 June - Day in History of India and Importance



2012
Madhya Pradesh Government lauched perennial river-lake linking project -  Jamni river - Harpura project


_________________

_________________

http://www.indianage.com/0617.html

25 July - Day in History of India and Importance


July 1991 - Month of India's Economic Reforms
India's Economic Reforms (1991 - 2016) Review and Plan for 2016-2041 - $20 Trillion GDP


2012
Pranab Mukherjee was sworn in as 13th President of India


2016

____________________

____________________





____________________

____________________

Sunday, December 16, 2012

First Maratha-East India Company War




Dr. Shanti Prasad Verma in his book A Study in Maratha Diplomacy examined the diplomatic asepcts giving secondary importance to military aspects.

Dr. Shailendranath Sen in his book, Anglo-Maratha relations during Warren Hastings Administration 1772-1785 covered political aspect.

M.L.Kantak said, he covered military aspect in his book

The first battle was started by the company forces on Sashti fort (Thane) on 12 December 1774.


http://books.google.co.in/books?id=cdXnVOKKkssC

Friday, December 14, 2012

Thursday, December 13, 2012

12 October - Day in History of India and Importance



1860
342 Indians boarded Steam Ship S.S. Truno in Madras for travelp to South Africa to take up work there.
http://tonymac04.hubpages.com/hub/Indian-South-Africans-150-years-of-toil-and-triumph

29 February - Day in History of India and Importance




Birthdays

1896 Morarji Desai 4th Prime Minister of India. First Prime Minister to lead a non-congress government.
         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morarji_Desai

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/29-2-2012/online.html

23 February - Day in History of India and Importance


1768 - Nizam accepted British supremacy
1792 - Third Mysore War ended.
1980 - Prakash Padukone won the All-England Badminton Championship - First Time by an Indian
1997 - Successful test firing 250 Km Prithvi missile.


http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/23-2-2012/online.html

http://www.indianage.com/0223.html

22 January - Day in History of India and Importance




http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/22-1-2012/online.html


This Day in India History - Index Page for the Year

21 January - Day in History of India and Importance

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

18 January - Day in History of India and Importance


2012

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/18-1-2012/online.html

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012/1/18/archivelist/year-2012,month-1,starttime-40926.cms



Birthdays

1842 Maha Govind Ranade


This Day in India History - Index Page for the Year

17 January - Day in History of India and Importance


1941
Subhash Chandra Bose escaped from India; reached Berlin (Mar 28).

2012

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012/1/17/archivelist/year-2012,month-1,starttime-40925.cms

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/17-1-2012/online.html

This Day in India History - Index Page for the Year

16 January - Day in History of India and Importance



2012




Nuclear weapons only for strategic deterrence: They are not war-waging weapons Army chief
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Nuclear-weapons-only-for-strategic-deterrence-Army-chief/articleshow/11502906.cms?


http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/16-1-2012/online.html

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012/1/16/archivelist/year-2012,month-1,starttime-40924.cms




This Day in India History - Index Page for the Year

14 January - Day in History of India and Importance




1799 - Massacre at Benaras. Deposed Nawab Wazir Ali Khan of Avadh, killed George Cherry, East India Company Resident at Benares along with some of his associates.


2013 Makara Sankraman - Pongal Festival

2012


Government sanctioned prosecution of 21 internet firms
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/government-sanctions-prosecution-of-21-internet-firms/1/168771.html


557-km new border road planned in Bihar - To be completed by 2016
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/557-km-new-border-road-planned-in-Bihar-by-2016/articleshow/11480522.cms?

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012/1/14/archivelist/year-2012,month-1,starttime-40922.cms

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/calendar/14-1-2012/online.html

This Day in India History - Index Page for the Year


Birthdays

Vikram Pandit, Shobhan Babu, C.D. Deshmukh (1896),  Rao Gopala Rao (1937),  Jandhyala,

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

6 January - Day in History of India and Importance

2 September - Day in History of India and Importance



2012
Chinese Defence Minister General Liang Guanglie visited India. The visit will be up to 6 September .


http://www.indianage.com/0902.html

3 September - Day in History of India and Importance




2012 - India and Tajikistan signed six pacts. Mr. Emomaji Rahmon, President Tajikistan visited India.


http://www.indianage.com/0903.html

9 September - Day in History of India and Importance



2012 - A PSLV blasted off from Sriharikota Spaceport in AP and successfully placed tow foreign satellites in orbit. It was the 100th mission of ISRO. A milestone

2012 - Punjab became National Junior Hockey Champion defeating Odisha in the final 4 -3.

Monday, November 5, 2012

Subash Kak on Indian History



Dr. Subhash Kak is Delaune Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Louisiana State University. A pioneering cryptographer and neural network theorist, he has made fundamental contributions to speech scrambling, theory of random sequences, and quantum cryptographic codes; he has also researched the history of mathematics and astronomy.

As an additional activity he writes on history of India.

His announcement of an astronomy of the Vedic period in his book The Astronomical Code of the Rgveda (1994) challenged academic views related to the Aryan invasion and the nature of early Indian science. The coauthored In Search of the Cradle of Civilization (1995) participates in the debate and polemics on the origins of Indian culture.


http://lifeboat.com/ex/bios.subhash.kak

http://www.ece.lsu.edu/kak/MahabharataII.pdf

When did Darius attack Indus valley Region?

Who is Seleucus Nicator?



Seleucus Nicator was a general of Alexander. Subsequent to Alexander he came into India. Chandragupta Maurya defeated him in battles and he gave his daughter to Chandragupta in Marriage.

Seleucus Nicator married the princess of Bactria and due to him Greek culture took roots in Bactria. They subsequently embraced Buddhism and propagated it in China

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_seleucus_india.html

http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/seleucus.html

What is Bactria?




Bactria in the days of Alexander was located in the northwestern portion of what is now Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It was bounded by the Hindu Kush mountain range, in the south, and by the Oxus River (Amu Darya), in the north.

Iactria, was a province of the Persian Empire and was  conquered by Alexander the Great.
After Alexander, his general Selucus ruled Bactria. It taken from the Greeks,  two centuries after Alexander the Great, by the Tokharians.

Bactria is thought to have been the home of Zoroaster.

Selucus had relations with Magadha rulers.

Bactrian Greeks embraced Buddhism and propagated it in China.

http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/chinaindiahistory.html

Sunday, November 4, 2012

Somnath Temple - Destruction and Rebuilding



Somnath and Mahmud  - An Analysis of Romila Thapar
http://www.flonnet.com/fl1608/16081210.htm

St. Thomas - An Apostle in India



Interesting to know that St. Thomas, An Apostle came to India in 52 A.D.




About apostles

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01626c.htm

12 apostles


St. Andrew
St. Bartholomew
St. James the   Greater
St. James the   Lessor
St. John
St. Jude
Judas Iscariot
St. Matthias
St. Matthew
St. Peter
St. Philip
St. Simon
St. Thomas

Biography of St. Thomas
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14658b.htm

http://www.indianorthodoxchurch.in/st-thomas-apsotle-of-india?start=4

What is the Eight-fold Path of Buddhism?



Right Belief

Right Thought

Right Speech

Right Action

Right Means of Livelihood

Right Meditation

Right Effort

Right Remembrance or Memory

What are the four noble truths of Buddhism?



The world is full of suffereing.

Suffering is caused by human desire.

The renunciation of desires is the path of salvation.

Salvation can be attained by following the Eigth-fold path.

What is the period of Gautama Buddha?



Gautama Buddha's birth year is said to be 567 BC.

He became enlightened in the year 537 BC

He attained nirvana in 487 BC ( lived 80 years)

What are the five vows of Jainism?



1. ahimsa or non-injury

2. not telling a lie

3. not stealing

4. not acquiring property

5. brahmacharya

What is the period of Vardhamana Mahavira?



Vardhamana Mahavira's birth year is said to be 599 B.C. His birth place is Kundagrama, in Vaishali, Bihar.

He lived up to the age of 72.

What is Bhagavad Gita?



Bhagavad Gita is a collection shlokas in Mahabharata. Arjuna refused to fight the war, and Lord Krishna told him the nature of life on earth and made him fight the war.

Bhagavad Gita has become a sacred text by itself and Mahatma Gandhi used to refer to it often.

What is Mahabharata?



Mahabharata is also an itihasa of India.

It describes the childhood and growth of Kauravas and Pandavas, children of Kings of Hastinapur and their war for Kingdom. Pandavas won the war. Lord Krishna, the incarnation of God Vishnu was with Pandavas.

What is Ramayana?


Ramayana is called itihasa. It is history. It is story of Rama, son of King Dasaratha. Rama is considered as incarnation of God.

He killed Ravana, a rakshasa.

What are Aranyakas?



Aranyakas are also part of Vedas and they contain discourses of rishis and their disciples settled in forests after their active life.

What are Brahmanas?



Brahmanas contain how to use mantras in various rituals.

Yagnas are the big rituals.

What are Upanishads?



Upanishads are answers to questions?

Hence there is explanation in them regarding nature, God and Soul.

What are Puranas?



Puranas are the ancient books of Hindus that contain the story of creation and maintenance of the world.

The main puranas are eighteen in number and many sub-texts are also available.

Mahabhagavatam is an important purana.

All were authored by Ved Vyasa.

What are Vedas?


The word Veda in Sanskrit comes from the root vid which mean knowledge. Vedas are the sacred books of Hindus and they are believed to be divine revelation and discoveries by rishis or sages are great penance and meditation.

Vedas contain samhita portion, aranyaka portion, brahmana portion and upanishads. 

Saturday, November 3, 2012

Forging National Identity in India - A Ph.d Thesis



Forging National Identity in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh

by Yvette Claire Rosser

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2003/rosseryc036/rosseryc036.pdf


Sanskrit was not allowed as a subject in JNU for many years even up to 2000. The history researchers of the university were doing research without a grasp of Sanskrit.

What are the sites associated with Indus Valley Civilization?



Harappa

Mohen-jo-daro

Channu Daro in Sind

Lothal near Ahmedabad

Kali Bangan in Rajasthan

Alamgirpur near Hastinapur in U.P.

Ropar in Punjab


http://www.crystalinks.com/induscivilization.html

Alamgirpur
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alamgirpur

Search for the entry in Google Book
An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology
Amalananda Ghosh
http://books.google.co.in/books?id=law3AAAAIAAJ

http://asi.nic.in/nmma_reviews/Indian%20Archaeology%201958-59%20A%20Review.pdf

What is the spread of Indus Valley Civilization?



Indus valley civilization was present or believed to be present over a vast area of the Indian subcontinent. It is present even in some parts of South India. But prominently it is in Punjab, Sind, Northwestern Frontier Province, Baluchistan, Rajastan, U.P., Gujarat.

Who discovered Mohen-jo-daro?



Mr. R.D. Banarjee dug out the the pre-historic city of Mohen-jo-daro in 1922. It is now part of Indus valley ancient culture.

Who discovered the Harappa Civilization remnants?



General Cunningham, a Brtish Officer in India gets credit for the initial excavation in 1826. He published a report on the Harappa unicorn seal in the Archaeological Society of India.

Where is Harappa?



Harappa is now Pakistan. It is in West Pakistan.

Sunday, September 2, 2012

Vijaya Nagara Empire After Battle of Talikota 1565



Vijaya Nagara empire survived the battle of Talikota and prospered further for many years.

http://www.preservearticles.com/2012041030158/what-was-the-consequence-of-battleof-talikota.html

Vijaya Nagara Empire ruled the entire South India for many number of years. South India was free of Muslim rule for a very long time because of Vijaya Nagara empire. Vijayana Nagara empire territories were captured by Marathas and some of the territory was lost by them to Aurangezeb. But defeat of Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat, led to their decline and loss of territory to European forces.

In 1761 only Hyder Ali captured Mysore by replacing the Wodeyar King.

The Nawabdom of the Carnatic was established by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, who in 1692 appointed Zulfiqar Ali Khan as the first Nawab of the Carnatic, with his seat at Arcot as a reward for his victory over the Marathas led by Rajaram

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nawab_of_the_Carnatic


Sunday, April 22, 2012

Indian History Book

Indian History - Knol Book

Indian History - Knol Book

History of India - Bharat Varsh - Hindustan

History being organized around each century

Authors


 up to 600 BC
600 B.C. to 500 B.C.
500 B.C. to 400 B.C
400 B.C. to 300 B.C
300 B.C to 200 B.C
200 B.C to 100 B.C
100 B.C to 0 B.C/A.D.
0 to 100
101 to 200
201 to 300
301 to 400
401 to 500
501 to 600
601 to 700
701 to 800
801 to 900
901 to 1000
1001 to 1100
1100 to 1200
1201 to 1300
1301 to 1400
1401 to 1500
1501 to 1600
1601 to 1700
1701 to 1800
1801 to 1900
1901 to 2000
2001 onwards

Comments

Short urls

http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/3470
Narayana Rao - 11 Dec 2010

Saturday, April 7, 2012

Thanjavur Nayaks - 1600 - 1700



Raghunatha Nayak (1600 - 1645)
Raghunatha was crowned in 1600.

Vijaya Raghava Nayak, son Raghunatha Nayak ruled till 1675 and afterwards Marathas of Tanjavur have captured power.

http://www.sarasvatimahallibrary.tn.nic.in/Thanjavur/Thanjavur_Nayaks/thanjavur_nayaks.html
Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/thanjavur-nayaks-1600-1700/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3999

Baji Rao II versus British Company - War



Marathas clashed with British company for a third time during 1817-19. In this war, Marathas tasted defeat, and Bajirao II was sent was sent to Bithur near Kanpur. He was given a pension of eight lakh rupees.

Nana Saheb was adopted son of Baji Rao II. He was not given the pension by the British company. In 1857, Nana Saheb was a principal person in the first full war of Indian Independence. British have to face a major freedom war within India within few years of their occupying the major Indian Area.


___________________________________________________________________________________________

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_Anglo-Maratha_War
_________________________

Indian History - 1301 to 1400



South India - Foreign Invasion and Native Revival - 14th to 16th Centuries




Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/indian-history-1301-to-1400/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3486

Bahamani Kingdom in South India


In A.D.1347 an independent Muslim State, the Bahmani kingdom was established in south India by Alla-ud-din Hasan Gangu who revolted against the Delhi Sultanate. ON 3rd August 1347, Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad.

__________________________________________

Background [Bidar]

1318 A.D Badarkot (Bidar) and other places were occupied by Khusrau Khan
1320 A.D Kakatiya pratap rudra reoccupied Badarkot and other places.
1322 A.D Bidar Town which was on the frontier of Telingana and Baswakalyan forts were taken by Ulugh Khan(Muhammad-Bin-Tughluq) who was then a prince. The town and fort were left incharge of trust worthy officers with strong garrison.
1336 A.D The Vijaynagara empire founded.
1341 A.D Muhammad Bin Tughluq honoured Shihab-Ud-Din of Multan with the litle Nusrat Khan and conferred on him the Government of Bidar( One of the aqlims or provinces) with its dependencies on the condition that he should pay a revenue of one Crore of rupees annually into the kings treasury.
1345 A.D As Nusrat Khan could not fulfil the condition, he was expelled. Sadah Amirs (who were revenue collectors as well as military commanders under Mohd. Tughluq) rebelled. They elected one of their members Ismail Mukh as the sultan of Deccan. As he was aged, he readily abdicated his charge in favour of Hasan Gangu.
3rd August 1347 Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad.

Formation of Bahamani Kingdom


In A.D.1347 an independent Muslim State, the Bahmani kingdom was established in south India by Alla-ud-din Hasan Gangu who revolted against the Delhi Sultanate. On 3rd August 1347, Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad.
He  waged wars to annexe the two neighbouring Hindu kingdoms, Warangal, under the Musunuri Nayakas, and Vijayanagar, which was under the Rayas. He occupied the area up to the river Tungabhadra in A.D.1358, and shifted his capital from Daulatabad to Gulbarga.
The Hindu rulers, reoccupied their some territories  during the period between A.D.1358--75. Harihara Raya II of Vijayanagar conquered many areas which were under the Bahmanis during the period of Muhammad Shah II (A.D.1378-1397). The successors of Muhammad Shah II also waged wars against Rays.  But they were defeated by the Vijayanagar armies. During the reign of Muhammad III (A.D.1463--82), the Bahmanis, for the first time, extended their empire from west coast to east coast, sea to sea. 

Formation of Five  Independent Bahamani States

By the end of the 15th century the Bahmani rule was plagued with faction fights and there came into existence the five Shahi kingdoms.
There are  the Nizamshahis of Ahmadnagar, the Adilshahis of Bijapur, the Imadshahis of Berar, the Qutbshahis of Golconda and the Baridshahis of Bidar[Mahabubnagar]. Thereafter, the rule of the Bahmani dynasty came to an end in A.D.1527.

References

Bibliography
________________________________________________________________________________________

Related Knols

Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/bahamani-kingdom-in-south-india/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 1968

Friday, April 6, 2012

Indian History - Some Videos - Opinions on Indian History



_______________


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sq1mWAv34QI
_______________
Video Link of  Google Video
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7146310877933699262#

The printed Indian History both due to space limitations and also as it was developed by the writers of an alien regime, have de-emphasized the military victories and resistance of Hindus throughout the period when foreigners ruled some parts or large parts of India. But, the Hindu military chiefs or common people always fought back and defeated the foreign armies in many battles and reestablished the rule of natives in many parts of the country and maintained their independence for long periods of time.

South India - Foreign Invasion and Native Revival - 14th to 16th Centuries
Vijayanagar Empire
Madurai - Brief Muslim Rule - Hindu Rule Reestablished by Bukka Raya
Destruction of Vijayanagar (Hampi) - Continuation of Hindu Rule

http://orissa.gov.in/e-magazine/Orissareview/august-2007/engpdf/aug07.pdf

_______________


________________
Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/indian-history-some-videos-opinions-on/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3546

Thursday, March 29, 2012

Indian History - NCERT Book Chapters


Part of Indian History - Knol Book


6th Class

Earliest Cities
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=4-12

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=6-12

Buddhism and Jainism
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=7-12

Ashoka
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=8-12

Prashasti of Samudra Gupta
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=11-12

Stupas, Temples and Books
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?fess1=12-12


7th Class

7th Century Kingdoms
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=2-10

Delhi Sultans
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=3-10

Mughals
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=4-10

Bhakti Movement - Nayanars and Alwars
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=8-10

Regional Culture Development - Malayalam Language and Kathak Dance
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=9-10

1707 to 1800
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?gess1=10-10


8th Class

Weavers and Cotton Mills in India
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?hess2=1-6

Education in English in India
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?hess2=2-6

Visual Arts - Raja Ravivarma and Tagore
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?hess2=4-6

Formation of Congress and Democratic Movement for More Powers and Freedom
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?hess2=5-6

India - Immediately After Independence
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?hess2=6-6


12th Class

Early States and Economies BCE 600 to 600 CE
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?lehs1=2-4

Al Beruni, Ibn Batuta - Customs of Indians 10th to 17th centuries
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?lehs2=1-5

Bhakti - sufi traditions
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?lehs2=2-5

Akbarnama and Badshah Nama
http://www.ncert.nic.in/NCERTS/textbook/textbook.htm?lehs2=5-5

Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/indian-history-ncert-book-chapters/2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3478

Wednesday, March 14, 2012

Early Harappans and Indus Sarasvati Civilization - Book Information and Review

Early Harappans and Indus Sarasvati Civilization, 2 Vols.
by Sharma, D P and Madhuri Sharma (ed)
2006, Set US$ 105.88 or Rs. 4500
 

The Harappan Civilization is the gift of two rivers - the Indus and Sarasvati whose tributaries had played a dominant and decisive role in the origin of this  civilization. As of now around 2658 Harappan and its associated sites have been reported, of which 1058 sites are located in the dried-up bank of the Sarasvati river which flowed from the Himalayas to Adi Badri towards Desalpur in Gujarat. . The Sarasvati was a mighty river between ca. 5000 and 1800 B.C. Around ca. 1800 B.C., due to neo-tectonic movements in the Himalayas, the river started drying up. .

 

This set of books is a collection of forty research papers contributed by the noted scholars and historians from India and abroad.
 
Volume-I contains nineteen papers which includes introduction, the origin of Harappan, and Early Harappan village chalcolithic cultures.
 
 Volume-II covers on Indus Sarasvati Civilization and includes twenty-one papers on the Mature Indus Sarasvati Civilization which contain controversial and clashing views.
 
The nomenclature, either of Harappan, Indus or Indus Sarasvati civilization means the same. This has been confirmed on the basis of the available archaeological evidences.

Bound in two volumes, the papers with notes, references and bibliography are well illustrated and grouped in three parts, i.e., Introduction; Early Harappans; and Indus-Sarasvati Controversies.

Contents:
Volume.I:
Part-I:
Introduction: (1) Harappan Civilization/ D P Sharma; (2) South Asian Archaeology: Some Issues/ D P Agrawal;
Part-II: Early Harappans: (3) New Discoveries Point to a Southern Origin: Gulf of Cambay/ David Frawley & Navratna Rajaram; (4) World’s Oldest Lost Civilization Found in South Asia/ Raj Chengapa; (5) Early Neolithic Settlement in Bannu, Pakistan/ J R Knox, Farid Khan & K D Thomas; (6) Sheri Khan Tarakai: Excavation in Bannu District, N W F P/ J R Knox, Farid Khan & K D Thomas; (7) Origin of the Harappan Civilization/ D P Sharma; (8) Origin of Harappan Civilization and Mehrgarh Excavations/ Jean Francois Jarrige; (9) Earliest Agriculture in the Kachi Plain (Mehrgarh)/ Lorenzo Costantini; (10) Early Harappan Remains, Pottery and Artifacts at Nausharo/ Anaick Samzun; (11) Early Harappan Ceramics/ D P Sharma; (12) Petrographic Analysis of Early Harappan Ceramics of South Asia (ca. 3500-2700 B.C.)/ Graham M Chandler; (13) Padri: The Early Harappan Site in Gujarat/ Vasant Shinde; (14) Early Harappans in Gujarat/ Abhijit Majumdar; (15) Ochre Coloured Ceramics and the Early and Mature Harappans/ R C Gaur; (16) 5th-4th Millennium Dating Rigveda Culture/ Shivaji Singh; (17) Indo-European Homeland: An Indian Perspective/ D N Tripathi; (18) Dhalewan Early-Mature Harappan Excavated Site in Punjab (India)/ Madhubala & Vishnu Kant; (19) Transformation of the Harappan Civilization/ G L Possehl;
Volume 2:
 
Part-III: Indus-Sarasvati Controversies: (20) Indus and Sarasvati in History, Geology and Archaeology/ S P Gupta; (21) Archaeology of Sarasvati/ B B Lal; (22) Origins of the Indus-Sarasvati Civilization/ S P Gupta; (23) Harappans and Rigveda/ R S Bisht; (24) Harappan: Vedic Civilization/ Suman Pandya; (25) The Harappans, Sarasvati and Rigveda/ T P Verma; (26) Rigvedic and Harappan Connections/ Shivaji Singh; (27) The Mahabharat for Harappan Civilization/ S P Gupta; (28) Sarasvati and Harappan Archaeology/ Vedagya Arya; (29) Vedic Harappans/ N S Rajaram; (30) Archaeology Cannot ‘Prove’ the Vedas/ Nayanjot Lahiri & Upender Singh; (31) Rational Approach to the Rigveda and Indus Civilization/ Malati J Shende; (32) Indus Seals and Atharvaveda/ P V Pathak; (33) Notes on Flora and Fauna in the Rigveda/ B B Lal; (34) Technology Transfer in 4th Millennium B.C. in Bannu Basin/ K D Thomas, J R Knox and Farid Khan; (35) Third Millennium Painted Grey Wares in Pakistan and Iran/ Rita P Wright; (36) Sarasvati: River and Civilization/ N S Rajaram; (37) Harappan Language and Script/ N S Rajaram; (38) Vedic Harappans and the Horse Symbolism/ N S Rajaram and J Jha; (39) Harappan Occupation at Nausharo/ Jean-Francois Jarrige; (40) Collapse of the Sarasvata Sabhyata: An Elegy in Mahabharata/ Arun Kumar.
 
 
Publisher
www.easternbookcorporation.com
Eastern Book Corporation
124, Chanderlok Enclave
Pitampura, Delhi 110034
INDIA
E-mail : eastbook@vsnl.com
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/early-harappans-and-indus-sarasvati/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2753

Ancient Indian History - Indus Valley Civilization

 
Ancient history has to be developed from the two historical accounts popular in India Ramayan and Mahabharat and the ancient philosophical and religious literature of India, Vedas, Puranas and the associated works. Then there are many classic works written by Kalidasa and others.
 
From an archaeological point of view, Harappa in Punjab (now in Pakistan) was noticed in 1826. General Cunningham, a British officer is given the credit for preliminary excavations at Harappa.
 
Further investigations were carried out by two officers of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Mr. R.D. Bannerjee and Mr. R.B. Daya Ram Sahni. They carried out excavations in the Larkana district of Sind and Montgomery district of Punjab. Mr. Sahni in his excavactions discovered the ruins of Harappa in 1921. Mr. Bannerjee found and dug out the ruins of Mohen-jo-daro in 1922. As the sites of excavations were in the valley of Indus river and its tributaries, historians name it 'the Indus Valley Civilization'. It is called as Harappan civilization or culture as the first site at which evidence was found was Harappa.
 
More Sites
 
Some more sites with cultural artifacts bearing similarity to those of Harappa and Mohenjodaro were found at Chanhu Daro in Sind, Lothal near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, Kali Banga, in Rajasthan, Alamgir near Hastinapur in U.P., and Ropar in the Punjab.
 
Perod of Civilzation
 
John Marshall estimated that the Indus Valley Civilization belonged to the period 3250 B.C. to 2750 B.C.
 
The City Construction
 
Harappa and Mohenjodaro are considered as cities. The ruins indicated that the main streets and roads were set in a line. They sometimes were straight for a mile and the width varied from 4 metres to 10 metres. Many of these roads were paved with fire burnt bricks. The main streets intersected at right angles dividing the city into squares.
 
The Drainage System
 
There were street drains and houses had pits in which heavier parts would settle down and sewerage water would flow into steet drains. This elaborate drainage system showed that the Indus valley people were aware of the principles of health and sanitation.
 
Houses
 
Palatial houses as well as one or two room houses were located in the ruins. Great bathing places, granaries and assembly halls were located.
 
Sculptures
 
Number of statues, figurines of men and women in terracotta, stone and metal were found in the ruins. Number of seals were found.
 
Bibiliography
 
ancienthistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa041498.htm
 
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/ancient-indian-history-indus-valley/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2033

Ancient Indian History

Ancient India   By Shree Sanket


Ancient Indian History - Indus Valley Civilization   By Narayana Rao 

Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/ancient-indian-history/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 3471